Global and China Needle Coke Industry Report, 2011-2012
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Needle coke is primarily applied in graphite electrode for electric furnace steelmaking, lithium batteries, nuclear power, aerospace, etc.. Since 2009, the global demand for needle coke has quickly rebounded in the wake of recovery of its downstream sectors. In the same period, the global needle coke giants haven’t substantially expanded capacity in order to manipulate prices, which has caused sustained tension supply in the world’s needle coke market. In 2011, the supply gap amounted to 190 kilotons, a YoY rise of 110%, and among the world’s most important consumers of needle coke, China showed the tightest supply situation.

As the world’s largest steel producer, China has always maintained a huge amount of demand for needle coke, and in recent years, along with the continuously optimized product mix of Chinese graphite electrode industry as well as the ever rising proportion of ultra-high power graphite electrode, the demand growth of needle coke has significantly accelerated. During the same period, due to the small number of needle coke manufacturers, weak technological strength and the prevalence of technical obstacles in terms of production stabilization and product quality control, China’s needle coke capacity has seen slow growth, accompanied by a widening supply gap of needle coke products. In 2009-2011, China’s demand for needle coke rose from 161 kilotons to 380 kilotons, with a CAGR of 53.6%, while the annual capacity only grew to 132 kilotons from 130 kilotons. Since there are many technical hurdles for the vast majority of enterprises newly involved in the needle coke business, combined with the limited capacity growth, it is expected that the Chinese needle coke market in the next two years will continue the tight supply situation.

Demand for Needle Coke in China, 2006-2012 (Unit: kt)

China abounds in coal but lacks oil, with adequate supply of raw materials for coal-based needle coke and more mature related technology, therefore, the overwhelming majority of the existing domestic needle coke capacity and the planned or under-construction needle coke projects pertain to the coal-based needle coke, and oil-based needle coke project occupies a small proportion. In terms of the demand, large size, ultra high power graphite electrode products have already become a development priority for the graphite electrode industry, and the oil-based needle coke is more suitable for the preparation of this product by virtue of compositional characteristics. Therefore, the needle coke market in China has once again presented a structural imbalance between supply and demand. In the future, as the supply gap widens, oil-based needle coke will prove to be a new investment hotspot for the needle coke industry in China.

In addition to the development of global and China needle coke industry, this report also highlights needle coke business of seven foreign companies, i.e. ConocoPhillips, Seadrift, JX, C-Chem, MC, Petrocokes and Indian Oil, as well as twelve Chinese peers such as Shanxi Hongte Coal Chemical Industry Co., Ltd., Jinzhou Petrochemical Company and Sinosteel Anshan Research Institute of Thermo-energy Co.,Ltd.

ConocoPhillips is the world’s largest manufacturer of oil-based needle coke, with stable capacity of needle coke recently, about 370 kilotons per year. Being one of the deciders of global oil-based needle coke prices, it has managed two price hikes of needle coke products worldwide since 2009.

As the world’s second largest producer of oil-based needle coke and a promoter of the year 2012 global needle coke price inflation, Seadrift has needle coke capacity of 150 kilotons annually. In 2010, it was acquired by the largest USA-based graphite electrode producer GTI; according to the parent company’s plan, Seadrift will achieve an annual capacity of 240-250 kilotons in the long run.

C-Chem, a professional carbon product manufacturer affiliated to the Nippon Steel Corporation, is the world’s largest coal-based needle coke producer. In recent years, its needle coke capacity has been effectively enhanced via expansion to 170 kilotons in 2012.

As China’s first coal-based needle coke manufacturer that realizes industrialization, Shanxi Hongte Coal Chemical Industry embarked on the construction of the 100-kiloton coal-based needle coke project from 2008 so as to meet domestic demand. In April 2011, this project was put into trial operation; in 2012, the needle coke capacity reached 150 kilotons/a.
1. Overview of Needle Coke
1.1 Profile
1.2 Classification and Application
1.3 Industrial Chain

2. Development of Global Needle Coke Industry
2.1 Development Overview
2.2 Supply
2.3 Demand
2.4 Technology Status
2.5 Competition Pattern
2.6 USA
2.7 Japan
2.8 UK

3. Development of China Needle Coke Industry
3.1 Development Environment
3.1.1 Policy Environment
3.1.2 Technology Environment
3.1.3 Trade Environment
3.2 Supply
3.3 Demand
3.4 Competition Pattern
3.5 Import & Export
3.6 Major Projects Planned and Under Construction
3.7 Price Trend

4. Development of China Graphite Electrode Industry
4.1 Development Environment
4.2 Production
4.3 Demand
4.4 Competition Pattern

5. Key Companies Worldwide
5.1 ConocoPhillips
5.1.2 Operation
5.1.3 Needle Coke Business
5.2 Seadrift
5.2.1 Profile
5.2.2 Needle Coke Business
5.3 JX Holdings Inc
5.3.1 Profile
5.3.2 Operation
5.3.3 Needle Coke Business
5.4 C-Chem
5.4.1 Profile
5.4.2 Needle Coke Business
5.5 Mitsubishi Chemical (MC)
5.5.1 Profile
5.5.2 Operation
5.5.3 Needle Coke Business
5.6 Petrocokes Japan Limited
5.6.1 Profile
5.6.2 Needle Coke Business
5.7 Indian Oil Company Limited
5.7.1 Profile
5.7.2 Operation
5.7.3 Needle Coke Business

6. Key Companies in China
6.1 Fangda Carbon
6.1.1 Profile
6.1.2 Operation
6.1.3 Needle Coke Project
6.2 Shanxi Hongte Coal Chemical Industry Co., Ltd
6.2.1 Profile
6.2.2 Operation
6.2.3 Key Projects
6.2.4 Needle Coke Business
6.3 Jinzhou Petrochemical Co., Ltd
6.3.1 Profile
6.3.2 Operation
6.3.3 Needle Coke Business
6.4 SINO Steel Anshan Research Institute of Thermal Energy Co., Ltd
6.4.1 Profile
6.4.2 Needle Coke Business
6.5 Baosteel Chemical
6.5.1 Profile
6.5.2 Operation
6.5.3 Needle Coke Business
6.6 Shandong Haihua Group Co., Ltd
6.6.1 Profile
6.6.2 Needle Coke Business
6.7 Jining Yankuang Kelan Coke Co., Ltd
6.7.1 Profile
6.7.2 Needle Coke Business
6.8 Qitaihe Baotailong Coal&Coal Chemicals Public Co., Ltd
6.8.1 Profile
6.8.2 Operation
6.8.3 Needle Coke Project
6.9 SY Carbon
6.9.1 Profile
6.9.2 Needle Coke Business
6.10 Others
6.10.1 Jinzhou Coal and Coke Group
6.10.2 JN Carbon
6.10.3 Shoushan Coking
Needle Coke Object
Industrial Chain of Needle Coke
Production Capacity of Needle Coke Worldwide, 2006-2012
Capacity Structure of Needle Coke Worldwide by Products, 2006-2012
Output of EAF Steel and Demand of Graphite Electrode Worldwide, 2006-2012
Demand of Needle Worldwide, 2006-2012
Processes and Features of Coal-based Needle Coke Worldwide
Processes to Produce Needle Coke with Different Raw Materials
Production Capacity and Products of Major Manufacturers Worldwide(Except China), 2012
Production Capacity and Production Sites of Needle Coke Companies in USA, 2012
Production Capacity and Product Types of Main Needle Coke Companies in Japan, 2012
Production Capacity and Production Sites of Needle Coke Companies in Britain, 2012
Production Capacity and Demand of Needle Coke Worldwide, 2006-2012
Production Capacity of Needle Coke in China, 2006-2012
Production Capacity Structure of Needle Coke in China by Products, 2006-2012
Demand of Needle Coke in China, 2006-2012
Supply Gap of Needle Coke in China, 2006-2012
Production Capacity of Needle Coke in China, 2012
Market Share of Needle Coke Manufacturers in China, 2011
Import of Needle Coke in China, 2006-2012
Import of Needle Coke in China by Products, 2006-2012
Import Volume, Import Value and Average Price of Needle Coke in China by Countries, 2012H1
Major Needle Coke Projects Planned and under Construction in China, 2011-2012
Average Prices of Imported Coal-based and Oil-based Needle Coke, 2009-2012
Production Capacity and Demand of Needle Coke in China, 2006-2012
Output of EAF Steel and % of Crude Steel in China, 2006-2012
Output of Graphite Electrode in China, 2006-2012
Output of Graphite Electrode in China by Products, 2006-2012
Product Mix of Graphite Electrode in China, 2006-2012
Demand of Graphite Electrode in China, 2006-2012
Demand Structure of Graphite Electrode in China, 2006-2012
Production Capacity of Ultra High Power Graphite Electrode of TOP10 Manufacturers in China, 2011
Production Capacity of High Power Graphite Electrode of TOP10 Manufacturers in China, 2011
Output and Demand of Graphite Electrode in China by Products, 2006-2012
Revenue and Net Income of ConocoPhillips, 2008-2012
Performance Indicators of Needle Coke Produced in UK-based Humber Production Site of Conoco INC
Needle Coke Capacity of CONOCO INC’s Production Sites, 2012
Subordinate Enterprises and Main Businesses of JX, 2012
Revenue and Net Income of JX, FY2010-FY2012
Production Capacity and Sites of Needle Coke of JX, 2012
Needle Coke Industry Chain of C-Chem, 2012
Performance Indicators of Needle Coke of C-Chem
Revenue and Net Income of MC, FY2008-FY2012
Capacity Expansion Plan of Needle Coke Raw Materials of MC, 2008-2012
Production Capacity of Needle Coke of MC, 2008-2012
Production Capacity and Sites of Petrocokes, 2012
Revenue and Net Income of India oil, FY2008-FY2012
Production Capacity of Major Needle Coke Manufacturers Worldwide, 2012
Revenue and Net Income of Fangda Carbon, 2008-2012
Needle Coke Project of Fangda Carbon, 2011
Sales of Hongte,2005-2011
Needle Coke Projects of Hongte, 2011-2012
Production Capacity of Needle Coke of Hongte, 2006-2012
Performance Indicators of Needle Coke of Hongte, 2012
Sales of Jinzhou Petrochemical, 2008-2012
Actual Capacity of Needle Coke of Jinzhou Petrochemical, 2006-2012
Sales of Baosteel Chemical, 2007-2011
Revenue and Net Income of Baotailong, 2008-2012
Needle Coke Project of Baotailong, 2012
Production Capacity of Main Products of SY Carbon, 2012
Needle Coke Projects of Jinzhou Coal and Coke Group, 2012
Production Capacity of Main Products of JN Carbon, 2012
Needle Coke Projects of Shoushan Coking, 2012
Production in Operation, Under Construction and Planned of Needle Coke Producers in China, 2012

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