China has always given priority to the development of the urban public transport. Urban mass transit or UMT with the advantages in high efficiency, low energy consumption and environment protection has rapidly become the principal means to develop the public transport in major cities in the country. China UMT industry is getting access into a stage of rapid and orderly development.
During the 10th Five-year Plan period (2001-2005), China's total investment in UMT construction reached CNY200 billion and about 550 kilometers (km) of urban rail line in total was built. During the 11th Five-year Plan period (2006-2010), China will also invest CNY200 billion in UMT constructions to make the total mileage of subway and light track in Chinese metropolis exceed 1,500 km in 2010. According to statistics, China plans to build 65 urban rail lines with a total length of 1,700 km through pouring a huge sum of CNY600 billion into UMT construction through 2015, In light with its near term UMT development layout. In the past several years, the three Chinese metropolises of Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou all have advanced in a rate of building 30 to 50 km annually.
China UMT Development in Different Periods
The rapid development of China's urban rail transit industry and the policy support of central government for domestic-made rail transportation equipments have brought a broad space for the development of relevant equipment manufacturing industry. China's key UMT equipment producers are as follows, Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd, Dalian Locomotive and Rolling Stock Co., Ltd and Tangshan Locomotive & Rolling Stock Works affiliated to China Northern Locomotive & Rolling Stock Industry (Group) Corporation; Nanjing Puzhen Carriage Works, Sifang Locomotive & Rolling Stock Co., Ltd and Xiangtan Electric Manufacturing Co., Ltd, affiliated to China Southern Locomotive & Rolling Stock Industry (Group) Corporation. China's key UMT constructor and operator are as follows, China Railway Construction Corporation, Shanghai Shentong Metro Co., Ltd and Shanghai Tunnel Co., Ltd.