Automotive Functional Safety and Safety Of The Intended Functionality (SOTIF) Research Report, 2024
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As intelligent connected vehicles boom, the change in automotive EEA has been accelerated, and the risks caused by electronic and electrical failures have become ever higher. As a result, functional safety and SOTIF (safety of the intended functionality) have caught more attention, especially in the field of autonomous vehicles.

In 2023, standards and policies have speeded up the development of automotive functional safety and SOTIF in China. In addition to the latest functional safety standard GB_T 34590 2022 officially taking into effect on July 1, 2023, related Chinese departments also issued multiple policies concerning functional safety and SOTIF.  

For example, in July 2023, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of China (MIIT) issued the "Guidelines for the Construction of National Internet of Vehicles Industry Standard System (Intelligent Connected Vehicles) (2023)", which clearly plans and guides the construction of standards for functional safety and SOTIF. In August 2023, the MIIT and other three departments jointly issued the Notice on the New Industry Standardization Pilot Project Implementation Plan (2023-2035), of which the Intelligent Connection Technologies in the New Energy Vehicle Industry stipulates the terms and definition of intelligent connected vehicles, functional safety and SOTIF processes, audits and evaluations, automotive cyber security, data security, software upgrades and other product and technology application standards.   

On November 17, 2023, the MIIT, the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development and the Ministry of Transport jointly issued the Notice on the Pilot Program for Access and On-road Passage of Intelligent Connected Vehicles, which officially suggests access specifications for L3/L4 autonomous driving and clarifies the responsibilities in high-level intelligent driving accidents for the first time, and simultaneously started the selection of the first batch of enterprises.

The Notice specifies the requirements for the access of automotive enterprises and vehicles, especially for their safety guarantee capabilities. Enterprises are required to have the ability to guarantee functional safety, SOTIF, cybersecurity, data security, software upgrade management, and risk and emergency management. 

The requirements for process guarantee of intelligent connected vehicle products include the functional safety process guarantee of vehicles (especially autonomous driving systems), the SOTIF process guarantee of autonomous driving systems, and the process guarantee of vehicle cybersecurity and data security.

功能安全 1_副本.png

Therefore functional safety and SOTIF have become the access requirements for L3 autonomous vehicles in China, and the introduction of functional safety and SOTIF standard processes into L3 and higher-level autonomous systems has become the layout focus of OEMs and suppliers.
OEMs and suppliers greatly increase automotive functional safety processes and product certifications, and embark on the layout of SOTIF process certification. 

Although ISO 26262 is not a global mandatory standard, it has been widely accepted in the automotive industry and has become the threshold for automotive supply chain players. OEMs and Tier 1 suppliers will have to reject products or vendors that are not ISO 26262-certified. As intelligent vehicles develop, both autonomous driving companies and OEMs attach ever more importance to functional safety and SOTIF.

In recent years, both international mainstream OEMs and Chinese automakers have paid more attention to and invested more heavily in functional safety and SOTIF. In particular, Chinese independent automakers such as Great Wall Motor, SAIC, Geely, GAC, Changan and BYD have all raised the requirements for functional safety development of important systems. Besides setting up functional safety teams, they actively participate in functional safety training, cooperate with third-party institutions, strictly control self-developed products and vehicle functional safety products and processes, and take suppliers' functional safety development capabilities and product functional safety capabilities as the criteria to enter their supply chains. 

OEMs or suppliers put ever more emphasis on functional safety certification. According to public statistics, from January to November 2023, Chinese companies passed 114 functional safety certifications, including 41 product certifications and 73 process certifications, far more than in 2022 (about 40). 

In addition to functional safety certification, the official implementation of SOTIF standards has spurred many OEMs and suppliers such as Great Wall Motor, FAW Hongqi, Changan Automobile, GAC, Horizon Robotics, Jingwei Hirain, Huawei, Desay SV and SenseAuto to deploy SOTIF processes. They have passed SOTIF process certifications in advance, laying a safety foundation for the further layout of autonomous driving systems.

功能安全 2_副本.png

Functional safety, SOTIF, cybersecurity, etc. tends to be developed in from an independent way to an integrated way.

In addition to functional safety, the development of vehicles will have to face other safety challenges in the future, such as SOTIF and cybersecurity. Functional safety and SOTIF focus on system design and verification to ensure that the system can work safely in all situations. Cybersecurity centers on external threats and attacks. In practical application, functional safety, SOTIF and cybersecurity often cross over. In the future, intelligent connected vehicles should solve all the risks related to vehicle safety before they can be delivered in large quantities. The integrated development of the three safety systems has become a major development trend of vehicle safety in the future. Multiple companies like KOSTAL, Neta, Baolong Technology and Pan-Asia Technical Automotive Center are exploring integrated development of safety. 

As vehicles carry more complex embedded electronic systems, the risks incurred by software system damage and random hardware damage are increasing. Integrating the ISO 26262 functional safety standard into the Automotive Software Process Improvement and Capability dEtermination (ASPICE) to guide automotive software development will greatly improve automotive system software development quality, development efficiency and product safety.

功能安全 3_副本.png

1 Status Quo and Trends of Automotive Functional Safety
1.1 Status Quo of Automotive Functional Safety
1.1.1 Definition of Automotive Functional Safety
1.1.2 Demand for Automotive Functional Safety
1.1.3 Main Features of Automotive Functional Safety
1.1.4 Development History of Automotive Functional Safety
1.1.5 Purposes of Automotive Functional Safety
1.1.6 Basic Design Principle of Automotive Functional Safety
1.1.7 General Automotive Functional Safety Workflow
1.1.8 Example of SEooC Software Development Process
1.1.9 Cost Structure of Automotive Functional Safety
1.1.10 Classification of Automotive Functional Safety Software Tools
1.1.11 Design and Verification Method of Automotive Functional Safety
1.1.12 Basic Analysis Method of Automotive Functional Safety
1.1.13 Basic Definition Related to Automotive Functional Safety
1.2 Development and Evolution of Automotive Functional Safety
1.2.1 Difficulties in Mass Production of Automotive Functional Safety
1.2.2 Evolution of Automotive Functional Safety (1)
1.2.3 Evolution of Automotive Functional Safety (2)
1.2.4 Fail Operational Case:
1.2.5 Integrated Development Trends of Automotive Safety (1)
1.2.6 Integrated Development Trends of Automotive Safety (2)
1.2.7 Integrated Development Trends of Automotive Safety (3)
1.2.8 Integrated Development Trends of Automotive Safety (4)
1.2.9 Integrated Development Trends of Automotive Safety (5)

2 Status Quo and Trends of SOTIF
2.1 Overview of SOTIF
2.1.1 Definition of SOTIF  
2.1.2 Why to Propose SOTIF 
2.1.3 Scenario Analysis of SOTIF 
2.1.4 Purposes of SOTIF  
2.1.5 SOTIF Methodology (1)
2.1.6 Analysis Method of SOTIF System
2.1.7 Typical Design Cases of L3 SOTIF
2.2 Development of SOTIF
2.2.1 Automotive Functional Safety VS SOTIF 
2.2.2 Integration of Automotive Functional Safety and SOTIF (1)
2.2.3 Integration of Automotive Functional Safety and SOTIF (2)
2.2.4 Integration of Automotive Functional Safety and SOTIF Processes
2.2.5 Integrated Development of Automotive Functional Safety and SOTIF  
2.2.6 Verification Management Integration of Automotive Functional Safety and SOTIF 
2.2.7 Machine Learning, Automotive Functional Safety and SOTIF
2.2.8 Technical Breakthrough in SOTIF
2.3 Research on SOTIF of Typical ADAS 
2.3.1 SOTIF of Lane Keeping System 
2.3.2 SOTIF of Automatic Brake Assist System
2.3.3 SOTIF of Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) System
2.3.4 SOTIF of Traffic Jam Assist (TJA) System
2.3.5 SOTIF of Automated Parking System
2.3.6 SOTIF Design of Automotive AEB Control Strategy
2.4 SOTIF of Autonomous Driving System 
2.4.1 Composition of Autonomous Driving System
2.4.2 Perception-related SOTIF
2.4.3 Prediction-related SOTIF 
2.4.4 Decision-making-related SOTIF
2.4.5 Control-related SOTIF Technology 
2.4.6 HMI-related SOTIF  
2.4.7 SOTIF of V2X
3 Standard and Policies for Automotive Functional Safety and SOTIF
3.1 Major National Automotive Functional Safety Standards and Policies
3.1.1 Global Automotive Functional Safety Standards
3.1.2 Development of Foreign Functional Safety and SOTIF Standards
3.1.3 Development of ISO 26262
3.1.4 Automotive Functional Safety in the EU
3.1.5 Development of Automotive Functional Safety in the USA
3.1.6 Development of Automotive Functional Safety Standards in China
3.1.7 Automotive Functional Safety Standards Research Organization in China
3.1.8 Specific Automotive Functional Safety Standards in China
3.1.9 Automotive Functional Safety Standards in China
3.1.10 Test & Evaluation Method of Automotive Functional Safety and SOTIF
3.1.11 Medium and Long-term Automotive Functional Safety and SOTIF Standards Planning in China
3.1.12 Automotive Functional Safety and SOTIF Policies in China
3.1.13 Guidelines for the Construction of the National Internet of Vehicles Industry Standard System (Intelligent Connected Vehicles) (2023)
3.1.14 Notice on the Pilot Program for Admittance and Road Access of Intelligent Connected Vehicles:   Overall Requirements and Organized Implementation
3.1.15 Notice on the Pilot Program for Admittance and Road Access of Intelligent Connected Vehicles: Safety Measures
3.1.16 Notice on the Pilot Program for Admittance and Road Access of Intelligent Connected Vehicles: Description
3.1.17 Guide on the Implementation of the Pilot Program for Admittance and Road Access of Intelligent Connected Vehicles (Trial): Functional Safety Requirements at Corporate Level
3.1.18 Guide on the Implementation of the Pilot Program for Admittance and Road Access of Intelligent Connected Vehicles (Trial): Corporate Requirements for Functional Safety Guarantee 
3.1.19 Guide on the Implementation of the Pilot Program for Admittance and Road Access of Intelligent Connected Vehicles (Trial): Corporate Requirements for SOTIF Guarantee   
3.1.21 Guide on the Implementation of the Pilot Program for Admittance and Road Access of Intelligent Connected Vehicles (Trial): Requirements at Product Level
3.1.22 Guide on the Implementation of the Pilot Program for Admittance and Road Access of Intelligent Connected Vehicles (Trial): Requirements for Functional Safety of Vehicles and Autonomous Driving Systems
3.1.23 Guide on the Implementation of the Pilot Program for Admittance and Road Access of Intelligent Connected Vehicles (Trial): Requirements for SOTIF of Vehicles and Autonomous Driving Systems
3.2 Functional Safety Standards
3.2.1 Automotive SOTIF Standards
3.2.2 Requirements of Major National Autonomous Driving System Regulations and Standards on SOTIF 
3.2.3 Main SOTIF Standards in China
3.2.4 Construction of SOTIF Standards in China
3.6 Introduction to ISO 26262  
3.3.1 ISO 26262 
3.3.2 ISO 26262:2011 VS ISO 26262:2018
3.3.3 Content of ISO 26262 
3.3.4 ISO 26262-2: Functional Safety Management (1)
3.3.5 ISO 26262-2: Functional Safety Management (2)
3.3.6 ISO 26262-3: Concept of Functional Safety
3.3.7 ISO 26262-3: Hazard Analysis and Risk Assessment (HARA) (1)
3.3.8 ISO 26262-3: Hazard Analysis and Risk Assessment (HARA) (2)
3.3.9 ISO 26262-3: Functional Safety Goals and Levels of Safety Requirements  
3.3.10 ISO 26262-4: System-level Product Development
3.3.11 ISO 26262-4: Concept of Technical Safety
3.3.12 ISO 26262-4: System Project Integration and Testing
3.3.13 ISO 26262-5: Hardware-level Product Development
3.3.14 ISO 26262-5: Hardware design
3.3.15 ISO 26262-5: Hardware Safety Analysis
3.3.16 ISO 26262-5: Hardware Design Verification
3.3.17 ISO 26262-5: Evaluation of Hardware Architecture Metrics
3.3.18 ISO 26262-5: Violation Evaluation of Safety Goals due to Random Hardware Failure
3.3.19 ISO 26262-5: Hardware Integration and Verification
3.3.20 ISO 26262-6: Software Functional Safety
3.3.21 ISO 26262-6: Overview of Software-level Product Development
3.3.22 ISO 26262-6: Software Development Plan
3.3.23 ISO 26262-6: Software Safety Requirements
3.3.24 ISO 26262-6: Software Architecture Design
3.3.25 ISO 26262-6: Software Architecture Design - Software Safety Mechanism
3.3.26 ISO 26262-6: Software Architecture Design - Software Error Handling Mechanism
3.3.27 ISO 26262-6: Software Architecture Design - Software Architecture Verification Method
3.3.28 ISO 26262-6: Software Unit Design and Implementation
3.3.29 ISO 26262-6: Software Unit Verification
3.3.30 ISO 26262-6: Software Unit Test Case Export and Coverage Analysis
3.3.31 ISO 26262-6: Software Integration and Verification
3.3.32 ISO 26262-6: Software Integration Test Coverage
3.3.33 ISO 26262-6: Embedded Software Test
3.4 Introduction to ISO 21448
3.4.1 SOTIF Standards 
3.4.2 Development of ISO 21448 for SOTIF 
3.4.3 Contents of ISO/CD 21448
3.4.4 Development Process of SOTIF
4 Development of Automotive Functional Safety and SOTIF Certification
4.1 Introduction to Automotive Functional Safety Certification
4.1.1 Introduction to Automotive Functional Safety Certification
4.1.2 Functional Safety Certification Types
4.1.3 Main Process of Automotive Functional Safety Certification
4.1.4 Basic Steps of Automotive Functional Safety Process Certification
4.1.5 Basic Steps of Automotive Functional Safety Product Certification
4.1.6 Cases of Automotive Functional Safety Product Certification Process
4.1.7 Achievements of Automotive Functional Safety Certification
4.1.8 Automotive Safety Integrity Level (ASIL) 
4.1.9 Automotive Software Tool Confidence Level (TCL)
4.1.10 TCL Evaluation Process  
4.1.11 Main Functional Safety Certification Methods
4.1.12 Major Third-party Automotive Functional Safety Certification Agencies
4.1.13 Statistics on Automotive Functional Safety Certification of Enterprises in China
4.2 SOTIF Certification
4.2.1 Introduction to SOTIF Certification
4.2.2 Process of SOTIF Certification
4.2.3 SOTIF Guarantee Ssystem Assessment
4.2.4 Main Deliverables of SOTIF Certification Management Process
4.2.5 Third-party SOTIF Certification Agencies
4.2.6 Enterprises with SOTIF Certification
4.3 Introduction to ASPICE
4.3.1 Introduction to ASPICE
4.3.2 Content of ASPICE
4.3.3 ASPICE Levels
4.3.4 Development Process of ASPICE
4.3.5 ASPICE Process Construction and Tool Vendors
4.3.6 Relationship between ASPICE and ISO 26262
4.3.7 Integration of ASPICE and Functional Safety
4.3.8 Integration of ASPICE and Vehicle Development
4.3.9 Introduction to ASPICE Certification
4.3.10 ASPICE Certification Process
4.3.11 ASPICE Certification Review
4.3.12 ASPICE Certification Review: Preparation for Review
4.3.13 ASPICE Certification Review: Review
4.4 Major Automotive Functional Safety Certification Agencies
4.4.1 SGS Functional Safety Services ISO 26262 SOTIF Services Main ISO 26262 Customers: International Main ISO 26262 Customers: China
4.4.2 TüV SüD Automotive Functional Safety Certification Services Functional Safety Training Services
4.4.3 TüV Rheinland Automotive Services ISO 26262 Certification Services ASPICE certification
4.4.4 DNV: Functional Safety Products
4.4.5 UL Solutions UL Solutions: Functional Safety Certification Services UL Solutions: SOTIF Certification Services
4.4.6 China Certification Centre for Automotive Products Co., Ltd. (CCAP) CCAP: Functional Safety Certification Services CCAP: ASPICE Technical Services
4.4.7 China Quality Certification Center: Functional Safety Certification Services
5 Layout of OEMs in Automotive Functional Safety and SOTIF
5.1 Layout of OEMs in Automotive Functional Safety
5.1.1 Global Recall Cases due to Automotive Functional Safety Failure
5.1.2 Industrial Division of Labor in Automotive Functional Safety 
5.1.3 Work of OEMs and Parts Companies in Functional Safety 
5.1.4 Implementation Steps of Functional Safety of OEM Vehicle Projects  
5.1.5 OEMs’ Evaluation on Suppliers’ Functional Safety Capabilities
5.1.6 Challenges and Key Elements in the Implementation of Functional Safety and SOTIF for Automakers 
5.1.7 SOTIF Development and Testing Process
5.1.8 OEMs Pay More and More Attention to Functional Safety and SOTIF Requirements
5.1.9 Functional Safety Certification of Major Local OEMs
5.1.10 SOTIF Certification of OEMs
5.2 Layout of Major OEMs in Functional Safety
5.2.1 BMW Safety Strategy Functional Safety of Autonomous Driving Platform Architecture (1) Functional Safety of Autonomous Driving Platform Architecture (2)
5.2.2 Mercedes-Benz Automotive Functional Safety Functional Safety and SOTIF of L3 Drive Pilot Integrated Safety Concept
5.2.3 Ford's Safety Strategy
5.2.4 Volvo's World Tree Intelligent Safety System
5.2.5 Changan Automobile Status quo of Functional Safety Layout Functional Safety Team Business Concept of Functional Safety Software Quality Management:   System Construction Software Quality Management: Organizational Settings Functional Safety/SOTIF of Software Quality Management
5.2.6 GAC Functional Safety of the Latest EEA Functional Safety of Intelligent Driving System Functional Safety Certification 
5.2.7 Great Wall Motor Functional Safety of GEEP 4.0 Functional Safety Certification
5.2.8 Geely Global Safety Layout Functional Safety Certification Functional Safety Design of GEEA 3.0 Steer-by-Wire (SbW) Functional Safety Design Solution
5.2.9 Automotive Functional Safety of ENOVATE: Functional Safety Project Implementation (Torque)
5.2.10 Functional Safety Design of NIO SkyOS 
6 Functional Safety Requirements and Solutions for Main Auto Parts
6.1 Functional Safety Requirements and Solutions for Main Auto Parts
6.1.1 Fields Involved in Automotive Functional Safety
6.1.2 ASIL Requirements for Main Auto Parts
6.1.3 ASIL Requirements for Common ECUs
6.1.4 Functional Safety Requirements for ADAS
6.1.5 Functional Safety Requirements for HPA  
6.1.6 Functional Safety Requirements for ICC System 
6.1.7 Functional Safety Requirements for the Underlying Software Layer of Automotive Domain Controllers
6.2 Layout of Main Parts Suppliers and Related Products in Automotive Functional Safety
6.2.1 Layout of Parts Suppliers in Automotive Functional Safety
6.2.2 Functional Safety Certification of Major Operating System Enterprises
6.2.3 Functional Safety Certification of Major Enterprises in Basic Software System
6.2.4 Functional Safety Certification of Major Enterprises in Electric Drive and Power System  
6.2.5 Functional Safety Certification of Major Enterprises in BMS, Batteries and Other Fields  
6.2.6 Functional Safety Certification in Simulation and Testing Tools 
6.2.7 Functional Safety Certification in Main Intelligent Driving Products
6.2.8 Functional Safety Certification in Chips, Domain Controllers and Computing Platforms (1)
6.2.9 Functional Safety Certification in Chips, Domain Controllers and Computing Platforms (2)
6.2.10 Functional Safety Certification in LiDAR, Gateways, Vehicle Lights, etc.
6.2.11 Layout Cases of Suppliers in Functional Safety
6.2.12 Functional Safety and SOTIF of Baidu Apollo
6.3 Functional Safety Cases of Main Auto Parts
6.3.1 Functional Safety Solutions for Chips and Computing Platforms Typical Allocation of Functional Safety in Automotive SoC Automotive SoC Functional Safety Solutions Automotive SoC/MCU Functional Safety Solutions Digital Chip Functional Safety Functional Safety of Automotive Intelligent computing Platforms Functional Safety Assessment of Basic Automotive Computing Platforms Functional Safety of DRAM Functional Safety Design for High-level Autonomous Driving Domain Controllers
6.3.2 Functional Safety of Operating Systems High Safety Requirements of the Next-generation Intelligent Vehicle Operating System Landing of Functional Safety of Intelligent Vehicle Operating Systems Functional Safety of Linux (1) Functional Safety of Linux (2) Functional Safety of Blackberry QNX OS Functional Safety of Automotive Operating Systems
6.3.3 Functional Safety of Automotive Software Systems Technical Difficulties in Functional Safety of Intelligent Vehicle Software Solutions to Technical Difficulties in Functional Safety of Intelligent Vehicle Software V-type Development of Functional Safety of Intelligent Vehicle Software Functional Safety Testing of Intelligent Vehicle Software Development Trends of Functional Safety of Intelligent Vehicle Software Functional Safety Solutions of Blackberry QNX Basic Platform Software Functional Safety of QNX Hypervisor Basic Software Platform Functional Safety of Blackberry QNX-based Cockpit-driving Integrated Controllers Functional Safety of AUTOSAR Autonomous Driving Software Middleware Functional Safety Solutions
6.3.4 Functional Safety of Automotive Intelligent Driving Systems Safety Architecture of ADAS Controllers Safety Architecture of ADAS LDW End-to-end Functional Safety Examples of L2 Autonomous Driving Systems Functional Safety of Autonomous Driving Computing and Decision-making System Platforms Functional Safety of Parking Systems Safety Design Cases of Autonomous Driving Systems
6.3.5 Functional Safety Development of Central Integrated Electronic and Electrical Architectures Functional Safety Development and Design Challenges for Central Integrated EEAs Functional Safety Development Process Functional Safety Development Requirements of Central Integrated EEAs Functional Safety Development Redundancy Design of Central Integrated EEAs Functional Safety Development Cases of Central Integrated EEAs: IM Motors
6.3.6 Functional Safety of Other Automotive Systems Functional Safety Design Features of LiDAR Functional Safety Requirements for Automotive Display PACK Functional Safety Concept Automotive Network Functional Safety Functional Safety Solutions of Steer-by-Wire Systems SOTIF Solutions of Steer-by-Wire Systems
7 Automotive Functional Safety Solutions of Main Enterprises
7.1 Synopsys
7.1.1 Native Automotive Solutions
7.1.2 TestMAX Testing Solutions
7.1.3 Functional Safety Verification Solutions
7.1.4 VC Functional Safety Management
7.1.5 IP for ISO 26262  
7.1.6 Functional-safety-standard-compliant IP for ADAS SoC 
7.1.7 Functional-safety-standard-compliant IP for Connected Car and Infotainment System SoC  
7.1.8 Functional-safety-standard-compliant IP for Gateways
7.1.9 DesignWare IP Subsystem
7.1.10 DesignWare ARC Functional Safety Software
7.1.11 IP for ISO 26262
7.1.12 Dynamics
7.2 Jingwei Hirain
7.2.1 Profile
7.2.2 Functional Safety Solutions for Intelligent Connected Vehicles (1)
7.2.3 Functional Safety Solutions for Intelligent Connected Vehicles (2)
7.2.4 Functional Safety Solutions for Intelligent Connected Vehicles (3)
7.2.5 Intelligent Driving Functional Safety Development Platform
7.2.6 Functional Safety Testing Solutions for Intelligent Connected Vehicles  
7.2.7 Intelligent Driving Functional Safety & SOTIF Development and Verification Platform
7.2.8 SOTIF Solutions
7.3 Vector
7.3.1 Vector: Functional Safety Solutions
7.3.2 PREEvision Design Tools Support Functional Safety Process
7.3.3 MICROSAR Safe
7.4 Bosch
7.4.1 Functional Safety Services
7.4.2 TARA  
7.4.3 System Redundancy Design Solution
7.4.4 Functional Safety Design of Hybrid Vehicles
7.4.5 Mainstream Smart Cockpit Functional Safety Solutions
7.5 Continental
7.5.1 Functional Safety Services
7.5.2 Functional Safety Training Services
7.6 NXP
7.6.1 Organizational Structure ofo Automotive Functional Safety
7.6.2 Functional Safety Solutions: SafeAssure (1)
7.6.3 Functional Safety Solutions: SafeAssure (2)
7.6.4 Functional Safety Solutions
7.6.5 Confirmation Measures in ISO 26262  
7.6.6 The Development Process Conforms to ISO 26262 
7.6.7 Functional Safety Levels of Basic System Chips
7.6.8 Functional Safety Architecture of the Next-generation Platform
7.6.9 Functional Safety Architecture of the Next-generation Platform: Hardware Safety
7.6.10 Functional Safety Architecture of the Next-generation Platform: Safety Software Development Kit (SDK) (1)
7.6.11 Functional Safety Architecture of the Next-generation Platform: Safety Software Development Kit (SDK) (2)
7.6.12 Functional Safety Architecture of the Next-generation Platform: Safety Software Combination
7.6.13 ASIL-D-compliant ECU Architecture Design
7.6.14 ASIL-D-compliant L3/L4 Autonomous Driving Architecture 
7.6.15 Autonomous Driving Functional Safety Solutions
7.7 Renesas
7.7.1 Automotive Electronic Functional Safety Technical Support Projects
7.7.2 Quantitative Analysis Tools Simplify ISO 26262 Certification
7.7.3 Automotive Electronic Functional Safety Technical Support Projects
7.7.4 ASIL-D System Security Mechanism of V3U with Self-diagnosis Capability
7.8 Texas Instruments
7.8.1 Product Types for Functional Safety Design
7.8.2 Functional Safety Services
7.8.3 Standard Quality Management Development Process
7.9 Infineon
7.9.1 Classification of Automotive-grade Products (1)
7.9.2 Classification of Automotive-grade Products (2)
7.9.3 Functional Safety Solutions
7.9.4 Overall Functional Safety Solutions
7.9.5 Functional Safety Solutions
7.9.6 Building Blocks with Integrated Functional Safety  
7.9.7 Power Distribution System Functional Safety Solutions
7.10 eSOL
7.10.1 Main Tools for Functional Safety
7.10.2 Activities and Tools for Functional Safety Standards
7.10.3 Consulting Services for Functional Safety Standards
7.10.4 Documentation Package Products Related to Automotive Functional Safety
7.11 CICV
7.11.1 Profile
7.11.2 Functional Safety Software Tools
7.11.3 Quality Management Features and Tools of Functional Safety
7.11.4 Review of Functional Safety Software Tools
7.11.5 SOTIF Working Group
7.11.6 SOTIF Development Process
7.12 SaimoAI
7.12.1 Profile
7.12.2 SOTIF Analysis Tool: Safety Pro (1)
7.12.3 SOTIF Analysis Tool: Safety Pro (2)
7.12.4 External Cooperation

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