China Electric Bus Industry Report, 2017-2020
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Amid new energy industrial policy turbulence in 2016, subsidy cheating verification started at the beginning of the year, China Vehicle Technology Service Center re-examined the first three batches of promotion directory in April and published the fourth and fifth batches in succession till December, resulting in centralized releases of early demand accumulation in Q4. In 2016, China produced a total of 135,000 new energy buses, up 20% year on year. As subsidies will decline in 2017, new energy bus market in Q4 2016 may have overdrawn part of the sales.

In terms of the output structure, 115,600 battery electric buses were produced in 2016, accounting for 85.5% of new energy bus production; by vehicle length, battery electric buses are predominantly 8-10m and above 10m.

Compared with conventional fuel buses, new energy buses boast big advantages in cost saving, energy conservation and emission reduction. In recent years, technical conditions and market environment of new energy bus have tended to be mature with national policies for fostering new energy buses, making sales shoot up. The penetration rate of new energy bus increased rapidly from 4.3% in 2013, 10.0% in 2014, to 38.3% in 2015, 45.8% in 2016.

Although subsidy cheats exerted great influence on electric bus market in 2016, the city bus market saw stable growth of electrification and limited downside potential because of its properties, such as market system, environmental protection effect and fixed vehicle scheduling.

In 2016, penetration rate of new energy buses was approximately 80.4% in bus sales but remained low in stock market. Currently, China achieves bus ownership of roughly 580,000 units and a 28% new energy bus penetration rate in stock market. In consideration of decreasing subsidies for fuel buses and increasing subsidies for electric buses as well as an obvious positive externality of new energy buses to municipal administration and environment, the electrification trend in bus is expected to last and the penetration rate of new energy bus in stock market will be further improved.

China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM) forecasts China’s new energy vehicle sales volume will hit 800,000 in 2017, of which, passenger vehicles account for roughly 70% (up from 65% last year). Based on this, new energy commercial vehicle sales volume will reach 240,000 in 2017, including 180,000-190,000 new energy buses. In view of bus market increment from urbanization as well as the penetration in highway bus market after new energy technology maturation and cost reduction, China’s new energy bus sales volume is predicted to exceed 250,000 by 2020.

The report highlights the following:
20120114.gifSignificance of electric bus popularization, status quo, and trends at home and abroad;
20120114.gifMainstream technical routes of electric bus in China, status quo and trend of bus battery, motor and electronic control industry chain;
20120114.gifMajor subsidies for purchase (tax reduction & exemption and fiscal subsidies) and for use as well as popularization policies in China’s electric bus industry;
20120114.gifChina’s electric bus production, sales and future trend, competition pattern, market share, sales forecast, investment and capacity of major electric bus enterprises;
20120114.gifChina’s electric city bus market sales volume, penetration rate trend, subsidy policies, etc.;
20120114.gifTechnical level, production and sales scale, capacity and development planning of 12 major electric bus manufacturers in China.

1 Overview of Electric Bus
1.1 Significance of Popularization
1.2 Economy & Environment
1.2.1 Environment
1.2.2 Economy
1.3 Status Quo and Trend of Promotion in China
1.3.1 Electric City Bus is Main Commercial Variety
1.3.2 Electric Highway Bus Will Be New Growth Point
1.3.3 Battery Electric City Bus Will Be Main Direction for Next 4 Years
1.4 Status Quo and Trend of Promotion Abroad
1.4.1 Status Quo of Electric City Bus Promotion
1.4.2 Trend of Electric City Bus Technology

2 Industrial Chain
2.1 Technical Route
2.2 Battery
2.3 Motor & Controller

3 Industrial Policies
3.1 Purchase Tax Reduction & Exemption Policies
3.2 Fiscal Subsidy Policy
3.2.1 Subsidies for Electric Buses 2014-2015
3.2.2 Subsidies for Electric Buses 2016-2020
3.2.3 Subsidies for Fuel Cell Buses
3.3 Fuel Subsidy Removal Policy
3.4 Electric Vehicle Promotion Policy

4 China Electric Bus Market
4.1 Electric Bus Market
4.1.1 Overall Market
4.1.2 Electric City Bus Market
4.1.3 Structure of Enterprise Competition
4.1.4 Investment and Capacity
4.2 Total Bus Market
4.2.1 Overall Market
4.2.2 Structure of Enterprise Competition

5 Chinese Electric Bus Manufacturers
5.1 Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co., Ltd.
5.1.1 Profile
5.1.2 Operating Data
5.1.3 Electric Bus Business
5.1.4 All Bus Businesses
5.1.5 Bus Capacity
5.1.6 Auxiliary Parts
5.2 BYD Company Limited
5.2.1 Profile
5.2.2 Operating Data
5.2.3 Electric Bus Business
5.2.4 Battery Business
5.2.5 All Electric Vehicle Businesses
5.3 Xiamen King Long Motor Group Co., Ltd.
5.3.1 Profile
5.3.2 Operating Data
5.3.3 Electric Bus Business
5.3.4 All Bus Businesses
5.3.5 Bus Capacity
5.4 Nanjing Golden Dragon Bus Co., Ltd
5.4.1 Profile
5.4.2 Electric Bus Business
5.5 Zhongtong Bus Holding Co., Ltd.
5.5.1 Profile
5.5.2 Operating Data
5.5.3 Electric Bus Business
5.5.4 All Bus Businesses
5.5.5 Bus Capacity
5.6 Beiqi Foton Motor Co., Ltd.
5.6.1 Profile
5.6.2 Operating Data
5.6.3 Electric Bus Business
5.6.4 All Bus Businesses
5.6.5 Bus Capacity
5.7 Shanghai Sunwin Bus Corporation
5.7.1 Profile
5.7.2 Electric Bus Business
5.7.3 All Bus Businesses
5.7.4 Capacity
5.8 Hunan CRRC Times Electric Vehicle Co., Ltd.
5.8.1 Profile
5.8.2 Operating Data
5.8.3 Electric Bus Business
5.8.4 Bus Capacity
5.9 Anhui Ankai Automobile Co., Ltd.
5.9.1 Profile
5.9.2 Operating Data
5.9.3 Electric Bus Business
5.9.4 All Bus Businesses
5.9.5 Bus Capacity
5.10 China Youngman Automobile Group Co., Ltd.
5.10.1 Profile
5.10.2 Electric Bus Business
5.10.3 All Bus Businesses
5.10.4 Bus Capacity
5.11 Chongqing Hengtong Bus Co., Ltd.
5.11.1 Profile
5.11.2 Operating Data
5.11.3 Electric Bus Business
5.11.4 All Bus Businesses
5.11.5 Bus Capacity
5.12 Shenzhen Wuzhoulong Motors Co., Ltd. 
5.12.1 Profile
5.12.2 Operating Data
5.12.3 Electric Bus Business
Ownership of City Buses in China, 2008-2015
Structure of Urban Passenger Traffic in China, 2011-2016
Vehicle Pollutant Emission
CO2 Emission per Km of Various Buses (g/km, vehicle)
Pollutant Emission of Various Buses inside City (Kg/year, vehicle)
Pollutant Emission of Various Buses outside City (Kg/year, vehicle)
Overall Pollutant Emission of Various Buses (Kg/year, vehicle)
Total Costs of Various Buses during Whole Life Cycle – before Subsidies (RMB10,000)
Total Costs of Various Buses during Whole Life Cycle – after Purchase Subsidies (RMB10,000)
Total Costs of Various Buses during Whole Life Cycle – after Purchase and Fuel Subsidies (RMB10,000)
Results of Comprehensive Comparison among Different Technology Roadmaps
Promotion of Electric Bus Worldwide (as of 2014)
Technical Sketch Map of Wireless Charging Bus
London Online Fast-Charging Electric Bus Network Planning for 2020
Vehicle Charging Infrastructure for Buses’ and Private Cars’ Common Use 
Technical Parameters of Electric Buses with Different Technology Roadmaps
Electric Vehicle Battery, Motor, Electric Control Industry Chains
Requirements of Electric Vehicle on Performance of Battery and Battery System
Electric Bus Power Battery (by Technology Roadmap) Assembly Rate, Jan-May, 2016
Motor and Controller Supply Relationship of Major Electric Bus Enterprises
Catalogue of Vehicle Models Exempt from Purchase Tax in the First Ninth Batches Issued by MIIT 
Subsidy Standards for Electric Bus in China, 2014-2015 (Central Finance)
Subsidy Standards for New Energy Bus in New Subsidy Policy of China
Technical Requirements on New Energy Bus in New Subsidy Policy of China
Bus (by Type) as a Percentage of Subsidy Catalogue, 2015-2017
Subsidy Standards for Fuel Cell Vehicle in China, 2016
Subsidy Standards for Energy-saving and New Energy Buses in Operation (2015-2019)
Electric Vehicle Promotion Campaign and Completion in Cities (Cluster) China, 2013-2015
List of Cities or Areas on Promotion and Application of New Energy Buses (First Batch)
List of Cities or Areas on Promotion and Application of New Energy Buses (Second Batch)
Promotion Quantity of Electric Vehicles in Cities (Cluster) China, 2015
Electric Bus Output in China, 2012-2020E
Electric Bus Output Structure (by Power Type) in China, 2016
Electric Bus Monthly Output (by Power Type) in China, 2016
Electric Bus Output (by Length) in China, 2015-2016
Electric Bus Output (by Purpose) in China, 2012-2020E
Penetration of Electric Bus in Established Bus Market in China, 2014-2016 
Electric Bus Sales Volume and Electrification Rate in China, 2009-2016
Ownership of Electric Buses in Major Cities of China
Subsidy Standards for New Energy Bus in China, 2015-2019E (RMB10,000)
Subsidy for Price Increase of Refined Oil for Buses and Base Decrease (%) in 2013
New Energy Bus as a Percentage of New Buses in Key Areas of Air Pollution (%) 
New Energy Bus as a Percentage of New Buses in Central Provinces (%)
Top 10 Manufacturers of New Energy Buses by Output in China, 2015
Top 10 Manufacturers of New Energy Buses by Output in China, 2016
Output and Market Share of Top10 Battery Electric Bus Enterprises in China, 2015
Output and Market Share of Top10 Battery Electric Bus Enterprises in China, 2016
Top 10 Manufacturers of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Buses by Output in China, 2015
Top 10 Manufacturers of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Buses by Output in China, 2016
Sales Volume of Main Electric Bus Enterprises in China, 2012-2016
Electric Bus Investments in China, 2009-2016
Bus Output (Including Bus and Bus Chassis) in China, 2015-2020E
Bus Sales Volume (Including Bus and Bus Chassis) in China, 2015-2020E
Bus Monthly Sales Volume in China, 2015-2016
Bus Sales Volume (by Model) in China, 2015-2020E
Bus Sales Structure by Model, 2011-2016
Bus Sales Volume (by Length) in China, 2010-2015 
Bus Monthly Sales Volume by Length, 2016
Bus Sales Volume (by Purpose) in China, 2014-2015
Ranking of Top 10 Enterprises by Large Bus Sales, 2015
Ranking of Top 10 Enterprises by Large Bus Sales, 2016
Market Share of Top 10 Enterprises by Large Bus Sales in China, 2015
Market Share of Top 10 Enterprises by Large Bus Sales in China, 2016
Ranking of Top 10 Enterprises by Medium Bus Sales, 2015
Ranking of Top 10 Enterprises by Medium Bus Sales, 2016
Market Share of Top 10 Enterprises by Medium Bus Sales in China, 2015
Market Share of Top 10 Enterprises by Medium Bus Sales in China, 2016
Ranking of Top 10 Enterprises by Light Bus Sales, 2015
Ranking of Top 10 Enterprises by Light Bus Sales, 2016
Market Share of Top 10 Enterprises by Light Bus Sales in China, 2016
Top10 Shareholders of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus, 2016Q3
Operating Results of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus, 2010-2016
Revenue Breakdown (by Region) of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus, 2010-2016
R&D Costs of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus, 2011-2015
Performance Forecast of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus, 2016-2020E
Electric Bus Sales Volume of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus, 2011-2016
Electric Bus Sales Structure of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus, 2011-2015
Output (by Model) of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus, 2011-Mar. 2017
Sales Volume (by Purpose) of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus, 2011-2016
Sales Structure (by Purpose) of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus, 2011-2016
Capacity and Utilization Rate (Including Electric Bus) of Zhengzhou Yutong Bus, 2016
Operating Results of BYD, 2010-2016
Revenue Structure (by Business) of BYD, 2013-2016
Gross Margin (by Business) of BYD, 2010-2016
Electric Bus Output of BYD, 2012-2017
New Energy Buses of BYD
Cost Breakdown of BYD K9 Battery Electric Bus
BYD’s Power & Energy Storage Battery Business Scale, 2011-2017
Technical Parameters of Ferric Manganese Phosphate Lithium Battery
Capacity, Weight and Cost of BYD Power Battery Pack
Electric Vehicle Sales Volume of BYD, 2011-2017
Equity Structure of Xiamen King Long Motor Group, 2016
Main Financial Indexes of Xiamen King Long Motor Group, 2010-2016H1
Revenue Breakdown of Xiamen King Long Motor Group by Region, 2009-2016H1 
Electric Bus Sales Volume of Xiamen King Long Motor Group, 2011-2015
New Energy Bus Sales Volume (by Length) of Xiamen King Long Motor Group, 2015
New Energy Bus Sales Volume/Value (by Purpose) of Xiamen King Long Motor Group, 2015
Prices of New Energy Bus and Traditional Bus of Xiamen King Long Motor Group, 2015
New Energy Bus Sales Forecast of Xiamen King Long Motor Group, 2014-2018E
Series-parallel Power Hybrid System of Xiamen Golden Dragon Bus
Output (by Model) of Xiamen King Long Motor Group, 2010-2017Q1 
Sales Volume (by Model) of Xiamen King Long Motor Group, 2009-2017Q1
Electric Bus Investment Plan of Xiamen King Long Motor Group
Electric Bus Sales Volume of Nanjing Golden Dragon Bus, 2013-2017
Equity Structure of Zhongtong Bus Holding, 2016
Operating Results of Zhongtong Bus Holding, 2010-2016H1
Revenue Breakdown and Gross Margin (by Region) of Zhongtong Bus Holding, 2010-2016H1
Electric Bus Output of Zhongtong Bus Holding, 2011-2016
Electric Bus Output Structure of Zhogntong Bus Holding, 2011-2015
Core Suppliers for Electric Bus of Zhongtong Bus Holding
Sales Volume of Zhongtong Bus Holding, 2010-2016
Electric Bus Projects under Construction of Zhongtong Bus Holding
Equity Structure of Beiqi Foton Motor
Key Financial Indexes of Beiqi Foton Motor, 2010-2016
Revenue Breakdown (by Product) of Beiqi Foton Motor, 2009-2016
Revenue Breakdown (by Region) of Beiqi Foton Motor, 2010-2016
Electric Bus Output of Beiqi Foton Motor, 2013-2016
New Energy Bus Sales Volume of Foton AUV, 2013-2016
New Energy Bus Orders of Foton AUV, 2016
Core Suppliers for Electric Bus of Beiqi Foton Motor
Commercial Vehicle Product Lineups of Beiqi Foton Motor
Light Bus Revenue and Sales Volume of Beiqi Foton Motor, 2011-2016
Medium and Large Bus Revenue and Sales Volume of Beiqi Foton Motor, 2011-2016
Bus Capacity Layout of Beiqi Foton Motor
Equity Structure of Shanghai Sunwin Bus Corporation, 2016
Electric Bus Sales Volume of Shanghai Sunwin Bus Corporation, 2013-2016
Output (by Model) of Shanghai Sunwin Bus Corporation, 2010-2016H1 
Sales Volume (by Model) of Shanghai Sunwin Bus Corporation, 2009-2015H1
Bus (Including Electric Bus) Capacity Layout of Shanghai Sunwin Bus Corporation, 2014
Investment Plan of Shanghai Sunwin Bus Corporation
Operating Results of Hunan CRRC Times Electric Vehicle, 2011-2014
Electric Bus Output of Hunan CRRC Times Electric Vehicle, 2012-2017
Core Suppliers for Electric Bus of Hunan CRRC Times Electric Vehicle
Electric Bus Capacity Layout of Hunan CRRC Times Electric Vehicle, 2014
Equity Structure of Anhui Ankai Automobile, 2014
Key Financial Indexes of Anhui Ankai Automobile, 2010-2016
Revenue Breakdown (by Product) of Anhui Ankai Automobile, 2009-2016
Revenue Breakdown (by Region) of Anhui Ankai Automobile, 2010-2016
Electric Bus Output of Anhui Ankai Automobile, 2012-2016
Core Suppliers for Electric Bus of Anhui Ankai Automobile
Output (by Model) of Anhui Ankai Automobile, 2010-2017Q1
Sales Volume (by Model) of Anhui Ankai Automobile, 2010-2017Q1 
Capacity Layout (Including Electric Bus) of Anhui Ankai Automobile
Electric Bus Output of China Youngman Automobile Group, 2014-2016
Core Suppliers for Electric Bus of China Youngman Automobile Group
Output (by Model) of China Youngman Automobile Group, 2010-2016H1
Sales Volume (by Model) of China Youngman Automobile Group, 2010-2016H1
Capacity Layout of China Youngman Automobile Group, 2014 
Equity Structure of Chongqing Hengtong Bus 
Operating Results of Chongqing Hengtong Bus, 2012-2016H1 
Electric Bus Sales Volume of Chongqing Hengtong Bus, 2012-2016H1
Operating Results of Electric Bus Business of Chongqing Hengtong Bus, 2012-2015
Output (by Model) of Chongqing Hengtong Bus, 2011-2016
Sales Volume (by Model) of Chongqing Hengtong Bus, 2011-2015
Operating Results of Shenzhen Wuzhoulong Motors, 2012-2016
Electric Bus Output of Shenzhen Wuzhoulong Motors, 2014-2016

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