China Passenger Car Cockpit-Parking Industry Report, 2023
  • May 2023
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Cockpit-parking integration research: cockpit-parking vs. driving-parking, which one is the optimal solution for cockpit-driving integration?

Cockpit-parking vs. driving-parking, which one is the optimal solution for cockpit-driving integration?

Currently, automotive E/E architecture is evolving from the distributed to domain centralized architecture, and will eventually be integrated into a central computing platform. In this process both cockpit-parking integration and driving-parking integration are products of domain centralized E/E architecture, and the ultimate form in the future is cockpit-driving integration. 
Subject to the maturity of current chip and software technologies, the cockpit-parking solution is a transitional form to cockpit-driving integration. The solution integrates the parking function into the cockpit and allows the cockpit domain controller to receive parking signals, eliminating the cost of parking controllers.
The cockpit-parking integration offers the following benefits: first, cost reduction: the implementation of APA in the cockpit domain only needs addition of ultrasonic sensor (USS) and connector, bringing little cost pressure; second, better human-computer interaction design: the integration of the parking function into the cockpit enable the cockpit domain controller to gain more parking signals and use the rendering capability of the cockpit to improve the overall user experience of HMI; third, the computing power on the cockpit can be brought into full play.
From the comparison between the cockpit chip and the intelligent driving chip, it can be seen that the cockpit domain controller main SoC more highlights CPU and GPU, favoring the realization of such functions as environment puzzle and 3D rendering.
In terms of application fields, the cockpit-parking integrated solution is fitter to integrate basic parking functions, while for advanced parking functions like HPA and AVP, the driving-parking integrated solution is more suitable due to the needs for the driving perception system, and the functional safety level requirements.

Considering cost, lowly configured vehicle models are thus more likely to use the cockpit-parking solution, while medium and highly configured models with medium- and high-compute domain controller platforms will apply the driving-parking integrated solution.
The cockpit-parking integration track is heating up, and there are already more than ten Tier 1 players. 

At present, more than ten Tier 1 suppliers have launched cockpit-parking integrated solutions. At the Auto Shanghai, six players introduced their solutions, including Bosch, ADAYO, Zongmu Technology and Voyager Technology. Among them, Bosch's Intelligent Cockpit Technology Interaction Experience 4.0, equipped with Qualcomm's high-compute chip, enables an infotainment domain platform providing seamless cockpit experience, and supports the cross-domain function of the "cockpit-parking integration".

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At the Auto Shanghai, Desay SV introduced DS06C, its cockpit domain control platform based on SemiDrive's latest chip X9SP. The single chip can support multiple HD displays such as LCD cluster, center console, co-pilot entertainment, HUD and intelligent rearview mirror, and are available to application scenarios like 360° surround view, parking assist, DMS, voice recognition, gesture recognition, game interaction, and HD films.

舱泊一体 2_副本.png

High-end intelligent cockpit platform master chips show the trend of replacing foreign counterparts.

In the field of high-end intelligent cockpit platform master chip, there is a trend of replacing foreign products. For example, the "Long Ying No.1", a 7nm cockpit chip that Siengine launched in 2021, has broken the monopoly of Samsung, Qualcomm and Nvidia in this field.

舱泊一体 3_副本.png

The chip is equipped with Arm China's self-developed "Zhouyi" NPU and Arm IP. It adopts the ultra-large multi-core heterogeneous SoC design and integrates 87-layer circuits with 8.80 billion transistors. It packs an 8-core CPU with integral computing power up to 90K, of which the large core is Cortex-A76; a 14-core GPU with up to 900G floating-point operations; integrated programmable NPU core with the INT8 computing power up to 8TOPS; high-bandwidth low-latency LPDDR5 memory channel. It features a built-in cyber security engine that complies with national cryptographic algorithms, and the ASIL-D-compliant safety island design. At present, the chip has been installed in cockpit-parking integrated solutions of Visteon and ECARX.

2023 is the first year of mass production of cockpit-parking integrated solutions, and software capability building facilitates an upgrade to the cockpit-driving integration.

At present, the cockpit-parking integrated solution has been spawned and designated, including the cockpit-parking integrated platform jointly developed by Aptiv and ZEEKR and expected to debut in late 2023. Lynk 08 will carry ECARX’s Antora 1000 Pro computing platform with total NPU compute of 16 TOPS and total GPU compute of 1800G FLOPS, and is expected to be rolled out in August 2023. Dongfeng Forthing flagship MPV and Forthing Leiting will bear Yuanfeng Technology's intelligent cockpit platform based on Qualcomm 8155. In terms of production time, 2023 can be called the first year of volume production of cockpit-parking integrated solutions.

舱泊一体 4_副本.png

In response to the future trend for centralized architecture, Tier 1 suppliers work hard on planning and have even launched cockpit-driving integrated products. One example is Trinity Series, a cockpit-driving integrated product Zongmu Technology announced at the Auto Shanghai. SemiDrive is exploring centralized computing and has created a driving-parking-cockpit integrated solution which uses SemiDrive’s EMOS Platform to connect the centralized computing, cockpit and autonomous driving domains. The solution is based on service-oriented architecture (SOA) and introduces DDS communication.  
The cockpit-driving integration requires an entire vehicle OS that manages all the tasks of the clusters for intelligent cockpit and autonomous driving. For this purpose, ECARX together with Volvo founded HaleyTek, an operating system company (with a 100-people team), and in March 2023 unveiled CloudPeak, an intelligent cockpit OS that features cross-domain system capabilities, is available to the Antora platform and also has access to 22 markets worldwide.

1 Introduction of Cockpit-Parking Integration
1.1 Definition and Advantages of Cockpit-Parking Integration
1.2 Development Background of Cockpit-Parking Integration (1)
1.3 Development Background of Cockpit-Parking Integration (2)
1.4 Development Background of Cockpit-Parking Integration (3)
1.5 Development Background of Cockpit-Parking Integration (4)
1.6 Development Background of Cockpit-Parking Integration (5)
1.7 Development Background of Cockpit-Parking Integration (6)
2 Cockpit-Parking Integration Trends 
2.1 Trend 1
2.1.1 Single Chip Computing Power Required for Cockpit-Parking Integration
2.1.2 7nm is the Mainstream Process for High-performance Intelligent Cockpit Chip 
2.1.3 China’s Domestic Chips Have Broken down International Barriers in 7nm Process
2.2 Trend 2
2.2.1 Comparison of Business Models between Supply Chain Vendors
2.3 Trend Discussion 1: How Cockpit-Parking Integration Evolves to Cockpit-Driving Integration?
2.3.1 Hardware Trends in Cockpit-Driving Integrated Architecture
2.3.2 Software Trends in Cockpit-Driving Integrated Architecture (1)
2.3.2 Software Trends in Cockpit-Driving Integrated Architecture (2)
2.3.2 Software Trends in Cockpit-Driving Integrated Architecture (3)
2.3.3 Cockpit-Driving Integration Planning and Layout of Chip Vendors
2.3.4 Cockpit-Driving Integrated Product Planning of Tier 1 Suppliers
2.3.5 Cockpit-Driving Integration Layout of Tier 1 Suppliers (1)
2.3.6 Cockpit-Driving Integration Layout of Tier 1 Suppliers (2)   
2.4 Trend Discussion 2:Cockpit-parking vs. Driving-parking, Which One is the Optimal Solution for Cockpit-driving Integration?
3 Cockpit-Parking Integrated Chip Vendors
3.1 Summary and Comparison of Cockpit-Parking Integrated Chips
3.2 Qualcomm
3.2.1 Profile
3.2.2 Cockpit SoC Product Roadmap
3.2.3 SA8295P Chip
3.2.4 SA8295P Business Model
3.2.5 SA8295P-based Cockpit-Parking Integrated Solution
3.2.6 Intelligent Cockpit Solution
3.2.7 Major OEM Customers for Intelligent Cockpit Platform
3.3 SemiDrive
3.3.1 Profile
3.3.2 Product Roadmap
3.3.3 Cockpit-Parking Integrated Chip: Infotainment SoC- X9 Series
3.3.4 Cockpit-Parking Integrated Chip: Product Framework of X9
3.3.5 Cockpit-Parking Integrated Chip: Application of X9
3.3.6 Cockpit-Parking Integrated Chip: X9U 
3.3.7 X9U-based Cockpit-Parking Integrated Solution
3.3.8 Latest Cockpit-Parking Integrated Chip: X9SP
3.3.9 Central Computing Architecture 1.0
3.3.10 Central Computing Architecture 2.0
3.3.11 Cooperation Dynamics in Cockpit-Parking Integration
3.4 Horizon Robotics
3.4.1 Profile
3.4.2 Journey Series Chip Product Roadmap
3.4.3 Journey 5 
3.4.4 Architecture Design of Journey 5 
3.4.5 Journey Series Chip Solutions
3.4.6 Cooperation Ecosystem of Journey 5
3.4.7 Cockpit-Parking Integration Cooperation
3.4.8 Business Model 
3.5 Siengine
3.5.1 Profile
3.5.2 Chip Design Technology Capability and Business Model
3.5.3 Cockpit-Parking Integrated Chip: “Long Ying No.1” (1)
3.5.3 Cockpit-Parking Integrated Chip: “Long Ying No.1” (2)
3.5.4 Cockpit-Parking Integrated Chip: Application of “Long Ying No.1” 
3.5.5 Cockpit-Parking Integrated Solutions (Based on Single Chip)
3.5.6 Cockpit-Parking Integrated solutions (Based on Dual Chips)
3.5.7 Ecosystem Partners for Cockpit-Parking Integrated Chip 
4 Cockpit-Parking Integration Layout of OEMs
4.1 Dongfeng Forthing
4.2 Lynk
4.2.1 Intelligent Cockpit
4.3 Changan Auto 
5 Cockpit-Parking Integrated Solution Providers 
5.1 Summary and Comparison of Cockpit-Parking Integrated Solutions
5.2 EnjoyMove
5.2.1 Profile
5.2.2 Conservative Cockpit-Parking Integrated Solution
5.2.3 Software Architecture of Conservative Cockpit-Parking Integrated Solution 
5.2.4 Enhanced Cockpit-Parking Integrated Solution
5.2.5 Software Architecture of Enhanced Cockpit-Parking Integrated Solution 
5.2.6 Converged Cockpit-Parking Integration
5.2.7 Driving-Parking-Cockpit Integrated Solution
5.2.8 Multi-domain Fusion Software Platform - EMOS 
5.3 BICV (BDStar Intelligent & Connected Vehicle Technology Co., Ltd.)
5.3.1 Profile
5.3.2 R&D and Production Layout
5.3.3 Product Lineup
5.3.4 Software Services and Layout
5.3.5 Cockpit-Parking Integrated Domain Controller
5.3.6 Cooperation on Mass Production of Cockpit-Parking Integrated Solutions  
5.4 Bosch
5.4.1 Profile
5.4.2 Intelligent Cockpit Business Development Roadmap
5.4.3 Cockpit-Parking Integrated Product Roadmap
5.4.4 Intelligent Cockpit Domain Controller Platform Iteration
5.4.5 Cockpit-Parking Integrated Products and Solutions
5.4.6 Advantages of Cockpit-Parking Integrated Products 
5.4.7 Cockpit-Driving Integrated Solutions 
5.4.8 Cross-domain Fusion Product Form
5.4.9 Cross-domain Fusion Underlying Software Capabilities
5.4.10 Intelligent Cockpit Business Model
5.4.11 Intelligent Cockpit Cooperation Model
5.5 ThunderSoft
5.5.1 Profile
5.5.2 Cockpit Business Layout and Development Strategy
5.5.3 Intelligent Cockpit Development Roadmap
5.5.4 Cockpit-Parking Integrated Intelligent Cockpit Solution 
5.5.5 Integrated Parking Solution
5.5.6 Integrated Parking Functions 
5.6 Aptiv
5.6.1 Profile
5.6.2 Full-Stack System Capabilities
5.6.3 Intelligent Cockpit Platform Iteration
5.6.4 Cockpit-Parking Integrated Intelligent Cockpit Platform
5.7.1 Profile
5.7.2 Product Roadmap
5.7.3 Cockpit Chip Product Planning
5.7.4 Computing Platform Product Lineup
5.7.5 Cockpit-Parking Integrated Computing Platform - Antora 1000 Pro
5.7.6 Intelligent Cockpit Underlying Software System - Cloudpeak
5.7.7 Business Model and Ecosystem Partners
5.8 Yuanfeng Technology
5.8.1 Profile
5.8.2 Features of Cockpit-Parking Integrated Intelligent Cockpit Platform 
5.8.3 Application Scenarios of Cockpit-Parking Integrated Intelligent Cockpit 
5.8.4 Major Customers and Partners 
5.9.1 Profile
5.9.2 Cockpit Software and Hardware Layout
5.9.3 Cockpit-Parking Integrated Solution

5.10 Desay SV
5.10.1 Profile
5.10.2 Cockpit Software and Hardware Layout
5.10.3 Cockpit-Parking Integrated Solution 
5.11 Visteon
5.11.1 Profile
5.11.2 Cockpit-Parking Integrated Solution 
5.12 Zongmu Technology’s Cockpit-Parking Integrated Solution


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