Ecological Domain and Automotive Hardware Expansion Research Report, 2024
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Automotive Ecological Domain Research: How Will OEM Ecology and Peripheral Hardware Develop?
Ecological Domain and Automotive Hardware Expansion Research Report, 2024 released by ResearchInChina recently delves in the dynamics of automotive ecological domain in peripheral hardware expansion, supplier ecological solutions and OEM ecological implementation, and comprehensively combs and forecasts the development and future trends of automotive ecological domain.

First, the ecological domain will realize large-scale interconnection between  IVI and external software and hardware, and obtain efficient collaborative perception and calculation of multiple devices.

The automotive ecological domain refers to the software and hardware ecosystem centering on IVI and including various peripheral devices. The IVI can call terminal sensors (such as mobile phones, cameras, UAVs, tablet PCs, etc.) and computing power, and attain efficient collaborative perception and computing of multiple devices through the cloud platform. The ecological expansion of automotive applications has always been a hot spot for OEMs and suppliers, and the development can be divided into three stages. In the first stage, ecological expansion is mainly realized through  IVI application mall. In the second stage, the mobile phone ecosystem will be transferred to IVI through phone-vehicle interconnection. In the third ecological stage, watches, cameras, tablet PCs, and even UAVs, smart homes, seats, etc. are added.

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Xiaomi Automobile is a typical ecological domain constructor. Relying on its HyperOS and Mi Home ecosystem, Xiaomi Automobile can support 1,000+ Mi Home devices to get on vehicles seamlessly, and can be connected without passwords under the same account to realize automatic scenario linkage.

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In order to support ecological expansion, Xiaomi has reserved a large number of interfaces in central instrument displays (CIDs), center consoles and seat back. For instance:
?PIN points are reserved around CIDs to expand interfaces, hardware devices of the third parties can realize plug-and-play, and there is a magnet at the bottom of the screen to attract a group of physical buttons for the purpose of control in vehicles.
?The storage space of center consoles reserves hardware interfaces, power interfaces and magnetic attraction, which can expand more innovative hardware of the third parties, such as Mi Home automotive fragrance diffusers.
?The back of seats features 22.5W magnetic charging. After Xiaomi’s tablet PC is adsorbed, it will directly become the original IVI, which can control 30+ automotive systems such as navigation, air conditioning, seating, audio and video. In addition, the IVI has CarPlay and AirPlay wireless connections, and the expansion of the seat back also supports iPad, which can control air conditioning, music and seats.

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Second, OEMs often start from scenarios to design the ecological domain expansion.

According to Ecological Domain and Automotive Hardware Expansion Research Report, 2024 by ResearchInChina, the automotive ecology has included hundreds of kinds of hardware and thousands of accessible hardware devices. From OEMs' point of view, Xiaomi Automobile can support the first batch of 1,000+ Mi Home devices to get on vehicles, GAC's Green Smart Car Home can support interconnection with 4,000+ devices, and Huawei's house-wide intelligence is connected with 7,000+ smart items carrying HarmonyOS.
Facing massive hardware resources, OEMs often conduct hardware layout from scenarios when designing the ecological domain, especially typical scenarios like smart home, gaming, viewing, karaoke, virtual reality, shooting, office, camping, charging, smart mobility, sports and health. At present, most of automotive hardware products are optional, and some of them can be purchased conveniently through official App stores of OEMs.

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1.In entertainment scenarios, OEMs introduce a series of entertainment equipment such as game consoles (SWITCH, PS, etc.), movie-watching equipment, microphones, automotive UAVs, sports cameras, etc. to link multi-terminal information with IVI, thus improving playability of cockpits.
Hardware interconnection cases in entertainment scenarios:
① Dongfeng Warrior is equipped with a UAV system: Warrior 917, which was launched in August 2023, is equipped with a UAV system. The system is composed of a S400 UAV from GDU and a control system, focusing on safe and intelligent outdoor scenarios of IVI integration. Its roof can be expanded to be an apron. In addition to regular flying functions, the UAV can monitor roads, survey road terrain, slope, angle and other environmental information, and support synchronous intelligent path planning.

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 ② Avatr has a custom karaoke microphone: Avatr boasts a wireless karaoke microphone (dual microphone) customized for the smart cockpit, with a built-in DSP processing chip, which can beautify human voice, optimize reverberation curve, and support linkage with the screen, sound and atmosphere lights in the cockpit.

生态域 7_副本.png

 2.In smart home scenarios, OEMs have promoted "the whole ecology covering people, cars and home". Users can remotely control and manage smart home devices (including air conditioners, water heaters, lighting, security systems, etc.) through mobile phones, cars and other devices.
Hardware interconnection cases in smart home scenarios:
① AITO and various smart home terminals realize car-home linkage: AITO integrates the capabilities of all kinds of terminals including smart screens, smart air conditioners, sweeping robots and home surveillance cameras in smart home scenarios based on HarmonyOS. In addition, AITO also supports preset scenarios like "go home happily", "leave home confidently”. For example, car owners can turn on air conditioners, lights, TV sets and music at home with one click on their way off work.

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 ② GAC's “Green Smart Car Home” solution enables car-home interaction: GAC's “Green Smart Car Home” supports the interconnection of more than 1,000 home appliance brands and 4,000+ devices. It allows car owners to remotely control smart home appliances in their cars through voice, touch screens, etc. It will also wake up and control vehicle functions at home.

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Third, the way to expand automotive ecological domain

In the process of ecological domain expansion, OEMs give priority to mobile phones as the entry point for ecological domain expansion. Through the deep interconnection between mobile phones and IVI, functions like computing power sharing, data seamless connection and hardware sharing can be attained, bringing users a more convenient and intelligent mobility experience. At the same time, massive user habit data and ecosystem on mobile phones are migrated to cars. On this basis, OEMs gradually expand interconnection with terminal products such as cameras, UAVs and tablet PCs, and build a perfect intelligent ecosystem. This expansion process not only provides users with richer functions and services, but also strengthens the competitiveness of OEMs in the field of intelligent ecology.
The cooperation between OEMs and mobile phone/technology vendors can be summarized and classified into the following modes: OEMs acquire mobile phone vendors, OEMs conduct independent R&D, OEMs cooperate with technology companies in research and development, mobile phone vendors manufacture cars (through cooperation), OEMs cooperate with mobile phone/ technology vendors. From the perspective of cooperation modes, some OEMs tend to get through the underlying operating systems of mobile phones and IVI, and promote Internet of Everything based on a unified platform. Other OEMs focus on improving IVI systems and seek cooperation with other vendors to achieve partial IVI interconnection.
In addition, it is worth noting that AM automotive hardware products are also an indispensable part of building a complete automotive ecosystem. When comparing the automotive hardware products of OEM app stores, we find that Huawei and Xiaomi, as top smart phone players, have a huge user base and mature e-commerce platforms (such as Huawei Mall and Xiaomi Mall). These platforms not only sell core products such as mobile phones, but also offer products in many fields such as smart home, smart wear and accessories. Therefore, for the car owners of Xiaomi and Huawei HarmonyOS, they can completely purchase automotive hardware products which they desire through these existing e-commerce platforms instead of OEM app stores.

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1 Introduction to Automotive Ecological Domain
1.1 Development History of Automotive Products
1.2 Definition of Automotive “Ecological Domain”
1.3 Ecological Domain Technical Architecture
1.4 Ecological Domain System Integration Technology
1.5 Ecological Domain Expansion Modes
1.5.1 Ecological Domain Expansion Modes (1)
1.5.2 Ecological Domain Expansion Modes (2)
1.5.3 Ecological Domain Expansion Modes (3) 
1.6 Future Development Trends of Ecology Domain
2 Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain
2.1 Summary of Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain
2.1.1 Summary of Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain: Smart Home Products
2.1.2 Summary of Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain: Entertainment Equipment
2.1.3 Summary of Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain: Office Equipment
2.1.4 Summary of Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain: Wearable Devices
2.1.5 Summary of Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain: Camping/Charging Equipment
2.1.6 Summary of Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain: Other Equipment
2.1.7 Summary of AM Hardware of Automotive Ecological Domain
2.2 Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain: Intelligent Speaker Interconnection
2.2.1 Case 1
2.2.2 Case 2
2.3 Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain: Game Consoles such as SWITCH and PS
2.3.1 Case 1
2.3.2 Case 2
2.4 Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain: Gamepads
2.4.1 Case 1
2.4.2 Case 2
2.4.3 Case 3
2.5 Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain: Microphones
2.5.1 Case 1
2.5.2 Case 2
2.5.3 Case 3
2.5.4 Case 4
2.6 Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain: UAVs
2.6.1 Case 1
2.6.2 Case 2
2.6.3 Case 3
2.6.4 Case 4
2.6.5 Case 5
2.7 Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain: Tablet PC/Computer-IVI Interconnection
2.7.1 Case 1
2.7.2 Case 2
2.7.3 Case 3
2.8 Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain: AR/VR Glasses
2.8.1 Case 1
2.8.2 Case 2
2.8.3 Case 3
2.8.4 Case 4
2.9 Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain: Smartwatches
2.9.1 Case 1
2.9.2 Case 2
2.9.3 Case 3
2.9.4 Case 4
2.10 Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain: Camping Equipment
2.10.1 Case 1
2.10.2 Case 2
2.11 Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain: Charging Equipment
2.11.1 Case 1
2.11.2 Case 2
2.12 Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain: Refrigerators
2.12.1 Case 1
2.12.2 Case 2
2.12.3 Case 3
2.13 Hardware Expansion of Automotive Ecological Domain: Seats
2.13.1 Case 1
2.13.2 Case 2
2.13.3 Case 3
3 Automotive Ecological Domain Solutions
3.1 Summary of Ecological Domain Solutions
3.2 Huawei
3.2.1 Ecological Strategy 
3.2.2 Ecological Domain OS
3.2.3 Phone-IVI Interconnection Solutions
3.2.4 Hardware Interconnection Automotive Application 
3.2.5 Ecological Domain Expansion Hardware Application (1)
3.2.5 Ecological Domain Expansion Hardware Application (2)
3.2.6 Whole House Smart Solutions
3.2.7 Ecological Domain Partners
3.3 Xiaomi
3.3.1 Ecological Strategy
3.3.2 Ecological Domain OS
3.3.3 Cross-terminal Connection System
3.3.4 Application of Cross-terminal Connection System
3.3.5 Automotive Application of Cross-terminal Connection System
3.3.6 Phone-IVI Interconnection Solutions
3.3.7 Ecological Domain Expansion Hardware 
3.3.8 Ecological Domain Partners (1)
3.3.9 Ecological Domain Partners (2)
3.4 Xingji Meizu
3.4.1 Ecological Strategy
3.4.2 Ecological Layout (1)
3.4.2 Ecological Layout (2)
3.4.3 Ecological Domain OS
3.4.4 Automotive Ecological Domain OS
3.4.5 Phone-IVI Interconnection Solutions
3.4.6 Ecological Domain Expansion Hardware
3.4.7 Flyme Auto
3.4.8 Dynamics in Ecological Cooperation (1)
3.4.8 Dynamics in Ecological Cooperation (2)
3.5 OPPO
3.5.1 Ecological Domain OS
3.5.2 Phone-IVI Interconnection Solutions
3.5.3 Watch-IVI Interconnection Solutions
3.5.4 Cross-terminal Connection System
3.5.5 IoT Ecological Layout
3.5.6 Ecological Partners
3.6 VIVO
3.6.1 Ecological Domain OS
3.6.2 Ecological Strategy
3.6.3 Phone-IVI Interconnection Solutions
3.5.4 Car-home Interconnection Solutions
3.5.5 Ecological Domain Expansion Hardware
3.5.6 Ecological Partners
3.7 Alibaba
3.7.1 “Intelligent Interconnection” Organizational Strategy
3.7.2 Core of “Intelligent Interconnection” Business
3.7.3 Intelligent Interconnection System (1)
3.7.3 Intelligent Interconnection System (2)
3.7.4 Ecological Layout of Smart Mobility
3.8 Baidu
3.8.1 Automotive Intelligence Solutions
3.8.2 Apollo Light Cockpit Solutions
3.8.3 Ecological Domain OS
3.8.4 Phone-IVI Interconnection Solutions (1)
3.8.4 Phone-IVI Interconnection Solutions (2)
3.8.5 Ecological Domain Expansion Hardware (1)
3.8.5 Ecological Domain Expansion Hardware (2)
3.8.6 Whole House Smart Solutions
3.9 Tencent
3.9.1 Strategic Planning for Automotive Business
3.9.2 Ecological Internet of Vehicles Solutions
3.9.3 Interpretation of Comprehensive Real World Interconnection
3.9.4 Five Technologies of Comprehensive Real World Interconnection
3.9.5 Development Prospect of Comprehensive Real World Interconnection
3.9.6 Scenario Application of Comprehensive Real World Interconnection
3.9.7 Partners of Application Service Ecology
3.10 Neusoft Group
3.10.1 Ecological System Layout
3.10.2 Automotive Ecological Platform 
3.10.3 Mobile Phone Interconnection System
3.10.4 Mobile Phone Interconnection Products (1)
3.10.4 Mobile Phone Interconnection Products (2)
3.10.5 NetEye Intelligent Connected Vehicle Information Safety Solutions
3.11 PATEO
3.11.1 Ecological Strategy
3.11.2 IoV Product Matrix
3.11.3 IoV Hardware Products
3.11.4 Vehicle Network Cloud Platforms
3.11.5 Phone-IVI Interconnection Solutions 
3.11.6 Ecological Partners
3.12 Qualcomm
3.12.1 Ecological Strategy
3.12.2 Cross-terminal Connection Technology
3.12.3 Snapdragon Automotive Intelligent Connected Platform Products
3.12.4 Snapdragon Digital Cockpit Chips
3.12.5 Ecological Partners
3.13 Z-One
3.13.1 Ecological Domain Fusion Solutions
3.13.2 Ecological Domain Technical Architecture
3.13.3 Ecological Domain Core Services
3.13.4 Typical Application Scenarios of Ecological Domain
3.13.5 Ecological Domain Evolution
3.13.6 Ecological Partners of SAIC
4.1 Ecological Domain Application of OEMs
4.1 Ecological Domain Application of OEMs
4.1.1 Ecological Domain: Summary of Phone-IVI Interconnection Application
4.1.2 Ecological Domain: Summary of Car-home Interconnection Application
4.1.3 Ecological Domain: Summary of Watch-IVI Interconnection Application  
4.2 SAIC
4.2.1 Ecological Interconnection of IM
4.2.2 Phone-IVI Interconnection of IM
4.2.3 Ecological Interconnection of Rising Auto
4.2.4 Phone-IVI Interconnection of Rising Auto
4.3 GAC
4.3.1 Car-home Interconnection
4.3.2 Phone-IVI Interconnection
4.3.3 Dynamics in Ecological Cooperation
4.4 FAW
4.4.1 Phone-IVI Interconnection of Hongqi
4.4.2 Watch-IVI Interconnection of Hongqi
4.4.3 Ecological Partners of Hongqi
4.4.4 Dynamics in Ecological Cooperation (1)
4.4.4 Dynamics in Ecological Cooperation (2)
4.5 Changan  
4.5.1 Human-car-home Interconnection Technology
4.5.2 Vehicle Control System
4.5.3 Phone-IVI Interconnection (1)
4.5.3 Phone-IVI Interconnection (2)
4.5.4 Watch-IVI Interconnection
4.5.5 Ecological Partners
4.6 Great Wall Motor
4.6.1 Ecosystem
4.6.2 Ecological Interconnection Technology
4.6.3 Phone-IVI Interconnection (1)
4.6.3 Phone-IVI Interconnection (2)
4.6.4 Watch-IVI Interconnection
4.6.5 Automotive Interconnection Hardware Expansion (1)
4.6.5 Automotive Interconnection Hardware Expansion (2)
4.6.6 Ecological Partners
4.7 BYD
4.7.1 Phone-IVI Interconnection
4.7.2 Watch-IVI Interconnection
4.7.3 Car-home Interconnection
4.7.4 Automotive Interconnection Hardware Expansion
4.7.5 Ecological Partners
4.8 Geely
4.8.1 Ecological Development Planning of Lynk & Co
4.8.2 Phone-IVI Interconnection of Lynk & Co
4.8.3 Automotive Interconnection Hardware Expansion (1)
4.8.3 Automotive Interconnection Hardware Expansion (2)
4.9 Xpeng
4.9.1 Ecological Development Planning 
4.9.2 Phone-IVI Interconnection
4.9.3 Watch-IVI Interconnection
4.9.4 Car-home Interconnection
4.9.5 Automotive Interconnection Hardware Expansion
4.10 Li Auto
4.10.1 Phone-IVI Interconnection
4.10.2 Watch-IVI Interconnection
4.10.3 Car-home Interconnection
4.11 Neta  
4.11.1 Phone-IVI Interconnection
4.11.2 Watch-IVI Interconnection
4.11.3 Car-home Interconnection
4.11.4 Ecological Partners
4.12 NIO
4.12.1 Phone-IVI Interconnection Technology
4.12.2 Phone-IVI Interconnection
4.12.3 Phone-IVI Interconnection
4.12.4 Watch-IVI Interconnection
5 Summary and Trends of Automotive Ecological Domain
5.1 Trends of Automotive Ecological Domain (1)
5.2 Trends of Automotive Ecological Domain (2)
5.3 Trends of Automotive Ecological Domain (3)  
5.4 Trends of Automotive Ecological Domain (4)
5.5 Trends of Automotive Ecological Domain (5)
5.6 Trends of Automotive Ecological Domain (6)
5.7 Trends of Automotive Ecological Domain (7)
5.8 Trends of Automotive Ecological Domain (8)

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