Intelligent Steering Key Components Report, 2023
  • Apr.2023
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Research on intelligent steering key components: four development trends of intelligent steering

The automotive chassis consists of four major systems: transmission system, steering system, driving system and braking system, covering five major parts: drive, gearshift, brake, suspension and steering. Wherein, the steering system passes through the development process from mechanical steering to hydraulic power steering to electric power steering. Nowadays, as intelligent driving technology advances, intelligent steering, namely, electric power steering as an important part of intelligent chassis, is becoming widespread, and steer-by-wire that develops from electric power steering is also being applied.

Based on conventional mechanical steering systems, electric power steering system adds sensor, electronic control unit (ECU) and power steering mechanism, and generates power by controlling the electric motor to achieve steering, which is completely free from the hydraulic power method. The key components of this system are torque sensor, motor and ECU, of which:

?The torque sensor is used to measure the magnitude and direction of the torque applied to the steering wheel by the driver, and to convert the torque into an electrical signal sent to the ECU.
?The electric motor converts the electric energy provided by the battery or generator into mechanical energy, outputs the appropriate torque to the mechanical steering mechanism, and together with the steering gear offers the steering torque to the steering wheels.
?Based on the signals from the speed and torque sensors, the ECU determines the direction of rotation of the motor and the magnitude of current of the booster, so that the motor can provide power steering effects according to vehicle speeds.

转向关键器件 1_副本.png

Trend 1: steer-by-wire will gradually replace electric power steering

The main difference between steer-by-wire (SBW) and electric power steering (EPS) is that SBW removes the mechanical connection between the steering wheel and vehicle wheels and uses sensors to obtain the steering wheel angle data, and then the ECU converts the data into specific driving force data, so that the electric motor can drive the steering gear to turn the wheels. The EPS, on the other hand, uses an electric motor to assist the driver in steering.
SBW outperforms EPS in response sensitivity and expansibility of intelligent driving functions. SBW not only has all the advantages of conventional mechanical steering systems, but also can optimize angular transmission characteristics, which is difficult for a mechanical system. By virtue of these benefits, SBW systems have become a development trend in the automotive industry.

Trend 2: the gradual shift from brushed motors to brushless motor

Brushless motors generate no electric sparks while running, its most direct difference from brushed motors, which minimizes the interference of electric sparks to remote control on radio equipment. Secondly, without brush, brushless motors enable much less friction, smooth operation, far lower noise and higher operational stability when they run. Thirdly, having no brushes means the wear of brushless motors is concentrated on the bearings. From a mechanical prospective, brushless motors are almost maintenance-free, only needing some dust removal maintenance when necessary. In the long run, brushless motors will thus gradually replace brushed motors. 

转向关键器件 2_副本.png

Trend 3: the transition from sliding variable resistance sensor to non-contact sensor

Sliding variable resistance sensors are a relatively conventional type of sensor. Despite high maturity, this sensor technology also has problems of unstable performance and short service life caused by wear and ageing of the sliding contact surfaces. In contrast, non-contact sensors offer following benefits: 
1.Longer service life for insusceptibility to wear and ageing;
2.Higher levels of accuracy and stability;
3.Available in harsh environments, e.g., high temperature and high pressure;
4.Small size, light weight, easy to install and maintain.
Hence non-contact sensors are expected to replace sliding variable resistance sensors and dominate the market in the future.    

转向关键器件 3_副本.png

Trend 4: 32-bit MCUs are replacing 8-bit/16-bit MCUs.

8-bit, 16-bit and 32-bit products prevail in the automotive MCU market. 8-bit MCUs are mainly used for controlling basic functions such as seat, air conditioner, fan, window, and door control module. 16-bit MCUs are generally applied to lower body covering power and transmission systems like engine, e-brake and suspension system. 32-bit MCUs customized for vehicle intelligence are often seen in automotive power system, intelligent cockpit and body control.
In addition, steering system control units are almost monopolized by foreign manufactures such as JTEKT, NSK Ltd, ZF TRW, Nexteer and Sono Koyo Steering, and they are capturing bigger market shares by way of establishing joint ventures and partnerships. For example, the four companies, Aisin, ADVICS, JTEKT and Denso, have respectively combined their competitive hardware such as sensors, steering and brakes with integrated ECUs and established integrated ECU software development companies.

1 Status Quo of Intelligent Steering Key Components 
1.1 Overview of Automotive Steering System
1.1.1 Development History of Automotive Steering System
1.1.2 Composition of Steering System Industry
1.2 Composition and Basic Concept of Electric Power Steering (EPS) System
1.2.1 Composition
1.2.2 Features
1.2.3 Classification
1.2.4 Comparison between Different EPS Systems
1.2.5 Industry Composition
1.3 Composition and Basic Concept of Steer-by-Wire (SBW)
1.3.1 SBW System
1.3.2 Features
1.3.3 SBW Layout of Related Companies
1.4 Development Trends of Intelligent Steering System
1.4.1 Trend 1
1.4.2 Trend 2
1.4.3 Trend 3
1.4.4 Trend 4
1.4.5 Trend 5
2 Steering Motor Suppliers
2.1 Basic Principle and Status Quo 
2.1.1 Overview of Steering Motor
2.1.2 Status Quo of Steering Motor Market 
2.2 Nidec Corporation
2.2.1 Profile
2.2.2 Revenue
2.2.3 Application in Automotive
2.2.4 Steering Motor Evolution Route
2.2.5 Steering Motor Products (1)
2.2.6 Steering Motor Products (2)
2.3 Bosch
2.3.1 Profile
2.3.2 Profile of Bosch Huayu
2.3.3 Application in Automotive
2.3.4 Development History of Steering Motor and Intelligent Steering System
2.3.5 Steering Motor Products (1)
2.3.6 Steering Motor Products (2)
2.3.7 SBW Products
2.4 Johnson Electric Group
2.4.1 Profile
2.4.2 Revenue
2.4.3 Product Layout
2.4.4 Customers
2.4.5 Steering Motor Products
2.4.6 Steering Column Adjuster Motor Platforms: Basic Information
2.4.7 Steering Column Adjuster Motor Platform: Dimensions and Structure
2.4.8 Multi-redundancy Power Steering Motor Platform 
2.5 Ningbo Dechang
2.5.1 Profile
2.5.2 Designated Cooperation and Corporate Customers
2.5.3 Production and R&D
2.5.4 Product Layout
2.5.5 Development History of EPS Motor Business
2.5.6 Steering Motor Products
2.6.1 Profile
2.6.2 Revenue
2.6.3 Customers
2.6.4 Application in Automotive
2.6.5 Layout of EPS Products 
2.6.6 SBW System
2.6.7 Steering Motor Products
2.7 Nexteer Automotive
2.7.1 Profile
2.7.2 Revenue
2.7.3 Customers
2.7.4 Application in Automotive
2.7.5 Column EPS
2.7.6 Pinion EPS
2.7.7 Rack EPS
2.7.8 Modular Power Unit
2.7.9 Modular EPS
2.7.10 High-output EPS
2.7.11 SBW Technology
2.7.12 Steering Motor Products
2.8 Dongxingchang Motor
2.8.1 Profile
2.8.2 Revenue
2.8.3 Application in Automotive
2.8.4 Steering Motor Products
2.9 Zhuzhou Elite
2.9.1 Profile
2.9.2 Customers
2.9.3 Application in Automotive
2.9.4 EPS and Steering Motor (1)
2.9.5 EPS and Steering Motor (2)
2.9.6 EPS and Steering Motor (3)
2.9.7 EPS and Steering Motor (4)
2.10 Zhejiang Shibao
2.10.1 Profile
2.10.2 Revenue
2.10.3 Customers
2.10.4 Main Products
2.10.5 Steering Gear
2.10.6 EPS System
2.10.7 Intelligent Steering System
2.11 Yubei Steering
2.11.1 Profile
2.11.2 Application in Automotive
2.11.3 Steering
2.11.4 EPS System
2.12 Dare Auto
2.12.1 Profile
2.12.2 Revenue
2.12.3 Customers
2.12.4 Steering Motor Products
2.13 Others
2.13.1 DIAS
2.13.2 Welling Automotive Components Co., Ltd.
2.13.3 Hubei Henglong Group
3 Torque Sensor Suppliers
3.1 Basic Principle and Status Quo
3.1.1 Overview of Torque Sensor
3.1.2 Major Types and Development Trends of Torque Sensor
3.2 Hella
3.2.1 Profile
3.2.2 Revenue and Business Layout
3.2.3 Torque Sensors (1)
3.2.4 Torque Sensors (2)
3.3 Methode Electronics 
3.3.1 Profile
3.3.2 Revenue and Business Layout
3.3.3 Torque Sensors
3.4.1 Profile
3.4.2 Torque Sensors
3.5 TE Connectivity 
3.5.1 Profile
3.5.2 Revenue
3.5.3 Torque Sensors
4 Steering System MCU Suppliers
4.1 Basic Principle and Status Quo
4.1.1 Overview of Steering System MCU
4.1.2 Status Quo of Steering System MCU Market
4.1.3 Overview of Steering System MCU
4.1.4 MCU Companies in China 
4.2 JTEKT 
4.2.1 Profile
4.2.2 Steering System MCU
4.3 NXP
4.3.1 Steering System MCU
4.3.2 Steering System MCU Products (1)
4.3.3 Steering System MCU Products (2)
4.3.4 Steering System MCU Products (3)
4.3.5 Steering System MCU Products (4)
4.4 Infineon
4.4.1 Steering System MCU
4.4.2 Steering System MCU Products (1)
4.4.3 Steering System MCU Products (2)
4.5 Renesas Electronics
4.5.1 Steering System MCU
4.5.2 Steering System MCU Products (1)
4.5.3 Steering System MCU Products (2)
4.6 STMicroelectronics
4.6.1 Steering System MCU
4.6.2 Steering System MCU Products (1)
4.6.3 Steering System MCU Products (2)
4.6.4 Steering System MCU Products (3)
4.7 Others
4.7.1 Yuntu Micro
4.7.2 Shanghai Thinktech Information Technology Co., Ltd.
4.7.3 TI

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