Body (Zone) Domain Controller and Driver IC Industry Research Report,2023
  • June 2023
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Body (zone) domain controller research: evolution of body electronic and electrical architecture driven by MOSFET and HSD.

The mode of control over body electronic functions is changing with the evolution of automotive E/E architecture. The mode evolves from decentralized control over body electronics (doors, rearview mirrors, windows, lights, etc.), then to over body control modules (BCMs) and body domain controllers (BDCs), and finally to centralized control over zone control units (VIU/ZCUs).

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Various integration forms of body control functions

1. Body domain controller:  integrating all types of automotive electronic functions.

Body domain controllers partitioned by function generally integrate such functions as BCM, PEPS, TPMS and gateway to control all body electronic modules in a centralized way, and manage all loads, analyze and process collected information, and allocate system resources in a unified way.

As automotive E/E architectures evolve from the domain centralized to the central computing, vertical integration (integration of multiple functional domains or other highly correlated functions) is the only way. To further centralize the computing power and improve the communication transmission rate, some companies have tried to integrate the gateway functions upward into other domains with relatively simple features. The integration of the body and the Ethernet gateway has thus become the preferred solution. 

Shenzhen OFILM's fifth-generation body domain controller (BGM) integrates conventional body electronics (BCM, Ethernet gateway, air-conditioning controller, door module, power management system, etc.) for rapid information interaction via CAN, FlexRay, Ethernet and other domain controllers (e.g., entertainment domain, chassis domain and power domain). This controller is adaptable to L1 to L2+ intelligent driving platforms. The volume production of this product started in September, 2022. At present, OFILM is the exclusive supplier of body domain controllers for Geely Boyue L.

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The body high performance computer (HPC) from Continental combines the previously separately implemented gateway function with the body controller function to act as a supercomputing unit. As an in-car application server (ICAS1, based on Renesas R-Car M3), this product is mass-produced for the MEB-based Volkswagen ID.3.

At the Auto Shanghai 2023, Continental exhibited its cross-domain vehicle control HPC for the first time. In addition to the original body control and gateway functions, this product also integrates chassis control applications, and cross-domain vehicle control functions such as damping control, adaptive air suspension and chassis tuning. It is expected that in 2024, Continental's HPC will be installed on more than 30 different models of quite a few automakers. In China Continental has secured two local orders. The first production model supported by this HPC is GAC Aion Hyper GT.  

2. Intelligent power distribution box: integrating BCM functions.

Generally, an intelligent distribution box integrates an electric box composed of E-fuse and relay, and a body control module (BCM) in a general control unit to reduce a lot of wires between the BCM and the distribution box in conventional designs and improve the stability of the vehicle circuits. Intelligent power distribution boxes boast three core functions: power distribution, power management, and body control.

Tesla's intelligent power distribution solution completely cancels the fuse and relay combination, and switches to MOSFETs and HSD chips based on semiconductor technology instead. The power distribution box is no longer just a power distribution box. It not only enables controllable power distribution, but also acts as a controller to integrate power distribution and control functions.
Aptiv's intelligent distribution box selectively integrates some BCM functions and low-voltage loads according to a specific E/E architecture. At present, Aptiv's mass-produced intelligent power distribution box solutions are largely deployed in the front compartment (responsible for headlights, wiper, windshield preheating, oil pump motor, etc.) and the rear compartment (responsible for rear lamps, child safety lock, etc.).

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3. Zone control units (VIUs/ZCUs) for centralized architecture

Zone controllers distribute and manage devices by taking physical location as the priority, that is, they connect the nearest vehicle devices, then distribute and manage power of components in each zone, and balance different inputs and outputs.
Zone&VIU, a zone controller jointly launched by Steelmate and Xpeng, is based on the X-EEA 3.0 architecture of Xpeng. The zone controller supports left and right domains, chassis control functions and AUTOSAR, conforms to the ASIL-C functional safety standard, and enables the integration of Ethernet module and body controller. At present, it has been mass-produced for Xpeng G9.

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Jingwei HiRain released a zonal control unit (ZCU) at its 2023 new product launch. This controller integrates vehicle power distribution functions (including isolating switch, primary power distribution, secondary power distribution), and zonal gateway routing functions (100M Ethernet, CAN FD, LIN, etc.), as well as body comfort domain functions, new energy power domain functions, some chassis domain functions, and I/O signal collection and control  function of air-conditioning thermal management system. It is scheduled to be spawned and delivered by the end of 2023.

Body (zone) domain controllers based on semiconductor-driven control solutions

Now, the power distribution solutions for body (zone) controllers are selected according to the drive current required by loads. In general, in the “driver IC + MOSFET” discrete solution is preferred by high-current loads (in actual design, the fuse + relay solution is for >30A high current applications), while the intelligent high-side switch (HSD) solution is suitable for low-current loads.

In Tesla’s case, the body control domain of Model 3 is composed of front body control, left body control and right body control modules. Wherein, the high current load uses the “driver IC + MOSFET” solution, while the low current load adopts the intelligent HSD solution.

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1. Body (zone) domain controllers (MCUs)

Body (zone) domain controllers do not require high computing power, with automotive MCU as the main control chip. In centralized architecture, the computing power will tend to be centralized. Therefore it is necessary to use an automotive MCU with more powerful performance and resources as the main control chip in a zone controller.

NXP's S32G3 vehicle network processors developed for domain controllers feature real-time processing, service-oriented high-performance computing, cross-domain integration and high-performance secure processing. The latest-generation S32G3 Series was officially released in late 2021 and mass-produced in February 2023. OEMs use the S32G3 processors for central computing for software-defined vehicles (SDV) to host automotive services, integrate cross-domain functions (virtual ECUs), provide secure gateway functions, and manage vehicle OTA updates. 

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GAC Hyper GT made a debut at the Auto Shanghai 2023. It is the first all-electric car based on the X-Soul architecture, and also the world's first model that uses the S32G3 processor as its central computing unit. 

2. Application of SmartFET in zone controllers

SmartFET functions as a high/low-side driver for external loads (e.g., relay in the central electrical box). In fact, the high-side SmartFET is an N-channel MOSFET where a regulated charge pump is used to pull the gate voltage high enough to drive the load. The drivers themselves need additional protection functions such as short-circuit protection, thermal shutdown (with/without automatic recovery function), overvoltage protection, logic level control (directly controlled by a microcontroller unit), and ESD protection.

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Onsemi’s SmartFET used as an intelligent fuse protects the power supply in zone controllers, and provides power supply protection for all loads driven by the zone controllers. It can also drive interior and exterior lighting applications, capacitive loads, inductive loads (wipers, HVAC, doors, etc.), and resistive loads (LEDs, heating units, etc.).

3.  Intelligent HSD integrated solutions

High side driver (HSD) ICs have been widely used to control vehicle low-current loads (e.g., lighting). When a short circuit occurs in a single circuit, the HSD IC provides protection much more quickly than the fuse, featuring higher safety.

VIPower? M0-7, ST's high-side driver family, meets rich system requirements of body control modules, including diagnosis, protection, high integration and dimensions optimization, and allows for compatibility design. The tiny power packages and strong driving capability of M0-7 enables uttermost PCB shrinkage. In BDUs of Xpeng P7, a large number of ST’s intelligent M0-7 HSDs from ST have been adopted.

ST's VIPower? M0-9 technology introduces a new generation of automotive intelligent switches, the first in the market with digital current sensing among the fully digital on-chip diagnostic features. Designed for high-side connection in applications powered from a 12V battery, the drivers simplify the hardware and software design of electronic control units (ECUs) and enhance system reliability.

The new devices leverage ST’s latest-generation of VIPower* M0-9 technology to combine an efficient 40V trench vertical MOSFET with 3.3V digital logic, and high-precision analog circuitry in a 6 x 6 mm QFN package. Their compact dimensions and high integration save up to 40% of PCB area compared to comparable driver ICs already in the market.

车身域控 8_副本.png

In general, body domain controller and driver solutions head in the direction of intelligent HSD ICs based on single-chip solutions. As technology advances and cost reduces, their application range will gradually expand to the entire vehicle electrical system, but some extremely high current applications will still adopt “driver + MOSFET” discrete solutions. The evolution of automotive E/E architecture will accelerate between 2025 and 2030.

1 Overview of Body (Zone) Domain Controllers
1.1 Automotive E/E Architecture
1.1.1 The Development Mode of Automotive E/E Architecture Changes from a Linear Mode to a Star Mode (1) 
1.1.2 The Development Mode of Automotive E/E Architecture Changes from a Linear Mode to a Star Mode (2) 
1.1.3 Four Innovative E/E Architectures That Prioritize Software (1)
1.1.4 Four Innovative E/E Architectures That Prioritize Software (2)
1.1.5 Development Trend of Automotive E/E Architecture: Vertical Integration
1.1.6 Next-generation Zonal E/E Architecture: “Central Computing + Zone Controllers”
1.1.7 Changes of ECUs during the Evolution of Automotive E/E Architecture
1.1.8 Zone Control Units (ZCUs) Can Reduce the Use of ECUs
1.1.9 OEMs Are Stepping up the Layout of the Architecture of “Central Computing + Zone Controllers”
1.1.10 Centralized E/E Architecture of Tesla Model 3
1.1.11 Centralized E/E Architecture of Xpeng - X-EEA 3.0   
1.1.12 Next-generation E/E Architecture of NIO: Central Computing + Zone Controllers
1.1.13 Li Auto: Evolution of Automotive E/E Architecture
1.1.14 Layout of OEMs in Automotive E/E Architecture (1)
1.1.15 Layout of OEMs in Automotive E/E Architecture (2)
1.2 Development and Evolution of Body Domain Controllers
1.2.1 Evolution of Body Control Systems
1.2.2 Concept of Body Domain Controllers
1.2.3 Main Functions of Body Domain Controllers
1.2.4 Body Domain Controller Solutions Integrated with Air Conditioning System
1.2.5 Composition of Body Domain Controller 
1.2.6 Technical and Performance Requirements for Body Domain Controllers
1.2.7 Key Technologies and Development Practice for Body Domain Control Systems 
1.2.8 Features of Body Domain Controller Hardware Platforms (1): Output Control
1.2.9 Features of Body Domain Controller Hardware Platforms (2): Input Acquisition (1)
1.2.10 Features of Body Domain Controller Hardware Platforms (2): Input Acquisition (2)
1.2.11 Body Domain Controller Hardware Design Based on SemiDrive G9X (1)
1.2.12 Body Domain Controller Hardware Design Based on SemiDrive G9X (2)
1.2.13 Body Domain Controller Hardware Design Based on SemiDrive G9X (3)
1.2.14 Body Domain Controller Hardware Design Based on SemiDrive G9X (4)
1.2.15 Body Domain Controller Hardware Design Based on SemiDrive G9X (5)
1.2.16 Penetration of Body Domain Controllers in Passenger Cars in China, 2022
1.2.17 China’s Passenger Car Body Domain Controller Market Size, 2022-2025E
1.2.18 List of Foreign Body Domain Controller Suppliers and Their Products
1.2.19 List of Chinese Body Domain Controller Suppliers and Their Products (1)
1.2.20 List of Chinese Body Domain Controller Suppliers and Their Products (2)
1.2.21 List of Chinese Body Domain Controller Suppliers and Their Products (3) 
1.3 Development and Evolution of Zone Controllers
1.3.1 Definition of Zone Controllers
1.3.2 Functions of Zone Controllers (1): Zonal Power Supply Center
1.3.3 Functions of Zone Controllers (2): Zonal Information Center
1.3.4 Functions of Zone Controllers (3): Zone Functions and Drive Center
1.3.5 Zone Controller Design Schemes
1.3.6 Zone Controllers Are the Integration Point of Multiple ECUs
1.3.7 Zone Controllers Separate I/O from Computing Devices
1.3.8 Zone Controllers Simplify the Transition to 48V Electrical System Architecture
1.3.9 Development and Application Cases of Zone Controllers
1.3.10 ZCU Solutions of Shanghai G-Pulse Electronics Technology
1.3.11 List of Foreign Zone Controller Suppliers and Their Products
1.3.12 List of Chinese Zone Controller Suppliers and Their Products (1)
1.3.13 List of Chinese Zone Controller Suppliers and Their Products (2)
1.3.14 List of Chinese Zone Controller Suppliers and Their Products (3)
1.4 Policies and Standards Concerning Body (Zone) Domain Controllers 
1.4.1 SDV Service - API Reference Specifications
1.4.2 The Service Software Architecture Defined by SDVs Is Divided into Four Layers
1.4.3 Significance of Standardized APIs of SDVs
1.4.4 Functional Safety Standards for BCMs/BDUs of Body Domain Controllers - Conceptual Design (1)
1.4.5 Functional Safety Standards for BCMs/BDUs of Body Domain Controllers - Conceptual Design (2)
1.4.6 Functional Safety Standards for BCMs/BDUs of Body Domain Controllers - Conceptual Design (3)

2 Multiple Integration Modes of Body Control Functions
2.1 Cross-domain Integration of Body Domain
2.1.1 Multi-domain Integration Is Inevitable in the Evolution from Functional Domains to Central Computing Architecture
2.1.2 "Vehicle-human Integration" and "Vehicle-road Integration" Based on Cross-domain Functional Integration
2.1.3 Integration of Body Domain and Other Domains
2.1.4 Multi-domain Integration Concept of PATEO CONNECT+
2.1.5 PATEO CONNECT+: Integration of Cockpit Domain and Vehicle Control Domain 
2.1.6 PATEO CONNECT+: Next-generation Multi-domain Fusion Controllers Integrated with Vehicle Control Domain
2.1.7 Cases of Body Domain Integrated Computing (1)
2.1.8 Cases of Body Domain Integrated Computing (2)
2.1.9 Cases of Body Domain Integrated Computing (3)
2.1.10 Cases of Body Domain Integrated Computing (4)
2.1.11 Summary of Three-domain (Central Control Domain) Integration Schemes of OEMs
2.1.12 Multi-domain Integrated Solutions of Tier 1 Suppliers (1)
2.1.13 Multi-domain Integrated Solutions of Tier 1 Suppliers (2)
2.2 Integration of Body Domain and Gateways
2.2.1 Integration of Body Domain and Gateways Has Become a Trend 
2.2.2 Cases of Body Domain and Gateways Integration (1)
2.2.3 Cases of Body Domain and Gateways Integration (2)
2.2.4 Cases of Body Domain and Gateways Integration (3) 
2.2.5 Development of Chinese and Foreign OEMs in Integration of Body Domain and Gateways
2.2.6 List of Suppliers of Gateway Integrated Body Domain Controllers (1)
2.2.7 List of Suppliers of Gateway Integrated Body Domain Controllers (2) 
2.2.8 Development of Integration of Body Domain and Gateways
2.3 Integration of BCM Functions and Intelligent Power Distribution Box
2.3.1 How Do Intelligent Power Distribution Boxes Control the Body?
2.3.2 Development Stages of Intelligent Power Distribution Box
2.3.3 Where Intelligent Power Distribution Boxes Are Deployed in A Vehicle 
2.3.4 Cost Structure of Intelligent Power Distribution Box after Mass Production
2.3.5 Intelligent Power Distribution Box Solutions of Changan Automobile
2.3.4 Tesla: Intelligent Power Distribution Box Solution of Model 3
2.3.7 Aptiv: Intelligent Power Distribution Box Solutions 
2.3.8 List of Suppliers of Intelligent Power Distribution Boxes Integrated with BCM Functions

3 Application of Chips in Body (Zone) Domain Controllers
3.1 Power Distribution Solutions for Body (Zone) Domain Controllers
3.1.1 Two Power Distribution Solutions Based on Semiconductor Devices for Body Domain Controllers 
3.1.2 Comparison between HSD Chips and MOS Tubes in Inrush Current Resistance
3.1.3 Body Domain Controller Load Driver ICs:
3.1.4 Power Distribution Chip Solutions for Body Control Modules of Model 3
3.1.5 Intelligent Power Distribution Design in ZEEKR's Zone Controllers (1)
3.1.6 Intelligent Power Distribution Design in ZEEKR's Zone Controllers (2)
3.1.7 Development of Intelligent Power Distribution in Vehicle Control Field
3.1.8 Fail-safe in Zone Controller Power Distribution
3.2 “Driver IC + MOSFET” Solutions 
3.2.1 High Current: “Driver IC + MOSFET” Discrete Solutions
3.2.2 E-Fuse Control Logic
3.2.3 PNC and E-FUSE Combination Design in Zone Controllers (1)
3.2.4 PNC and E-FUSE Combination Design in Zone Controllers (2) 
3.2.5 Application of SmartFET in Zone Controllers
3.2.6 Application of High-side SmartFET
3.2.7 Onsemi’s High-side SmartFET Drivers  
3.2.8 Automotive Intelligent Drive Modules in Zone Controllers
3.2.9 Automotive Intelligent Drive Solutions
3.2.10 Six Functions of Intelligent Drive Modules (1)
3.2.11 Six Functions of Intelligent Drive Modules (2)
3.2.12 Onsemi Has Mass-produced Intelligent Driver ICs
3.2.13 List of Foreign Body Control Module MOSFET Suppliers  
3.2.14 Price of Power MOSFET 
3.3 HSD Integrated Switch Solutions 
3.3.1 Working Principle of High/Low-side Drivers
3.3.2 HSD ICs Replace Relays and Fuses in Body Domain Controllers
3.3.3 Drive Capability Simulation of High-side Driver ICs 
3.3.4 Experimental Design Based on ST's TwisterSIM High Side Driver Simulation Software (1): Software  
3.3.5 Experimental Design Based on ST's TwisterSIM High Side Driver Simulation Software (2): Simulation Steps (1)
3.3.6 Experimental Design Based on ST's TwisterSIM High Side Driver Simulation Software (3): Simulation Steps (2)  
3.3.7 How to Use HSDs to Drive Headlights? (1)
3.3.8 How to Use HSDs to Drive Headlights? (2)
3.3.9 How to Use HSDs to Drive Headlights? (3)
3.3.10 How to Use HSDs to Drive Headlights? (4) 
3.3.11 Application Cases of HSD ICs for Body Domain Controllers (1)
3.3.12 Application Cases of HSD ICs for Body Domain Controllers (2) 
3.3.13 List of Foreign Suppliers of Body Domain Controller HSD ICs (1)
3.3.14 List of Foreign Suppliers of Body Domain Controller HSD ICs (2)
3.3.15 List of Chinese Suppliers of Body Domain Controller HSD ICs    
3.4 Master Chips for Body (Zone) Domain Controllers: MCUs
3.4.1 MCUs Are the Master Chips for Body (Zone) Domain Controllers
3.4.2 Performance Requirements of Body (Zone) Domain Controllers for MCUs
3.4.3 Tips for Choosing MCUs for Zone Controllers (1)
3.4.4 Tips for Choosing MCUs for Zone Controllers (2) 
3.4.5 MCU Solutions for Body (Zone) Domain Controllers
3.4.17 Application Examples of MCUs in Body (Zone) Domain Controllers (1) 
3.4.18 Application Examples of MCUs in Body (Zone) Domain Controllers (2) 
3.4.19 Localization of Body Control MCUs in China
3.4.20 Product Selection of Foreign Body Control MCU Vendors (1)
3.4.21 Product Selection of Foreign Body Control MCU Vendors (2)
3.4.22 Product Selection of Foreign Body Control MCU Vendors (3)
3.4.23 Product Selection of Chinese Body Control MCU Vendors (1)
3.4.24 Product Selection of Chinese Body Control MCU Vendors (2)
3.4.25 Product Selection of Chinese Body Control MCU Vendors (3)   

4 Body (Zone) Domain Cases of OEMs
4.1 Tesla
4.1.1 Partition of Body Control Zones
4.1.2 Body Domain Control Concept: Partition by Location, Hardware Standardization and SDVs 
4.1.3 Distribution of Body Zone Controllers: Model 3 
4.1.4 Body Zone Control Design of Model 3 (1st Generation) (1): Front Body Zone (1)
4.1.5 Body Zone Control Design of Model 3 (1st Generation) (1): Front Body Zone (2)
4.1.6 Body Zone Control Design of Model 3 (1st Generation) (2): Left and Right Body Zones (1)
4.1.7 Body Zone Control Design of Model 3 (1st Generation) (2): Left and Right Body Zones (2)
4.1.8 Technical Features of Body Zone Controllers of Model 3
4.1.9 Future Trends of Body Zone Controllers (1)
4.1.10 Future Trends of Body Zone Controllers (2)
4.2 BMW
4.2.1 Evolution of Body Domain Controllers (BDCs)
4.2.2 Three Generations of BDCs: Gen 1
4.2.3 Three Generations of BDCs: Gen 2
4.2.4 Three Generations of BDCs: Gen 3
4.2.5 Thinking on the Control over Automotive Ambient Lights with ADI (1)
4.2.6 Thinking on the Control over Automotive Ambient Lights with ADI (2)
4.2.7 Thinking on the Control over Automotive Ambient Lights with ADI (3)
4.3 Volvo
4.3.1 Evolution of CEM in Body Control Architecture 
4.3.2 Body Control: CEM
4.3.3 Scalable Product Architecture (SPA2): Allocation of VIU Functions in Zone Controllers 
4.3.4 SPA2: VIU Zone Controller System Architecture
4.4 Volkswagen
4.4.1 ICAS1 Vehicle Control Domain
4.4.2 ICAS1: Functions Undertaken by μ Performance Processor 
4.4.3 ICAS1: Body Control Network Architecture
4.4.4 ICAS1: Vehicle Control Domain Architecture and Provider
4.4.5 Implementation Logic of ICAS1 Body Control Functions (1): Keyless Entry System
4.4.6 Implementation Logic of ICAS1 Body Control Functions (2): Interior Accessory System 
4.4.7 Lighting Control Logic of MEB Platform (1)
4.4.8 Lighting Control Logic of MEB Platform (2)
4.4.9 Lighting Control Logic of MEB Platform (3): Headlight Drive Control
4.4.10 Lighting Control Logic of MEB Platform (4): Interior Light Drive Control
4.5 GAC
4.5.1 The Central Computing Unit of X-Soul Architecture Is Controlled by the Body Domain 
4.5.2 Body Domain Controllers
4.5.3 Body Computer Processors: NXP S32 Automotive Processors
4.6 Great Wall Motor
4.6.1 Evolution of Automotive E/E Architecture
4.6.2 GEEP 4.0: Central Computing Unit (CCU)
4.7 Li Auto
4.7.1 XCU Central Domain Controller (Power, Chassis, Body)
4.7.2 LEEA3.0: CCU Realizes Multi-domain Integration
4.7.3 LEEA3.0: Zone Control Unit (ZCU)
4.8 BYD
4.8.1 e3.0: Four Domains (Left/Right Body Domains, Intelligent Domain, Power Domain)
4.8.2 e3.0: Integrated Left/Right Body Controllers
4.8.3 e3.0: Comparison between Dolphin and Han in Automotive Network Architecture
4.8.4 e3.0: Overall Interfaces and Interaction of Left Body Domain Controllers
4.9 Others
4.9.1 Xpeng X-EEA 3.0: Central Supercomputing (3 Computing Groups) + Zone Control (Z-DCU)
4.9.2 Body Control Integration of ZEEKR: Central Supercomputing Platform
4.9.3 FAW Hongqi: Body Domain Controller Module (BDCM) 
4.9.4 Changan CIIA 2.0: Smart Vehicle Control Unit (SVCU)

5 Foreign Body (Zone) Domain Controller Solution Providers
5.1 Aptiv
5.1.1 Profile
5.1.2 Layout in Intelligent Connected Products
5.1.3 Smart Vehicle Architecture (SVA)
5.1.4 Five Computing Platforms of SVA
5.1.5 Zone Controllers: Power Data Center (PDC), Central Vehicle Controller (CVC)
5.1.6 Configuration Solution of PDC
5.2 Bosch
5.2.1 Profile
5.2.2 Intelligent Driving and Control Business Layout
5.3 Continental
5.3.1 Profile
5.3.2 How Does Body High-Performance Computer (Body HPC) Control the Body?
5.3.3 Application of Body HPC: Volkswagen ID.3
5.3. 4 HPC for Cross-domain Vehicle Control
5.3.5 Zone Controllers
5.3.6 "Software Functions and Products" for Body Domain and Actuators
5.4 UAES
5.4.1 Profile
5.4.2 Body Control System Layout
5.4.3 BDU 8.1 
5.4.4 Software and Hardware Platform Service Deployment for Vehicle Integration (1)
5.4.5 Software and Hardware Platform Service Deployment for Vehicle Integration (2)
5.4.6 UAES Software Platform (USP) 2.0 Is Released, and the First Zone Controller Will Be Mass-produced Soon (1)
5.4.7 UAES Software Platform (USP) 2.0 Is Released, and the First Zone Controller Will Be Mass-produced Soon (2) 
5.4.8 Power Supply Design of ZECU
5.4.9 Intelligent Power Distribution Application of Zone Controllers

6 Domestic Body (Zone) Domain Controller Solution Providers
6.1 Jingwei Hirain
6.1.1 Profile
6.1.2 Automotive Electronics Lines
6.1.3 Body Domain Controller Layout and Core Technology
6.1.4 Body Domain Controllers: Features and Functions
6.1.5 Next-generation Architecture Layout (1): Central Computing Platform (CCP)
6.1.6 Next-generation Architecture Layout (2): Physical Zone Control Unit (ZCU) (1)
6.1.7 Next-generation Architecture Layout (2): Physical Zone Control Unit (ZCU) (2)
6.2 Steelmate
6.2.1 Profile
6.2.2 Electronic Product Production Lines
6.2.3 Body Domain Controller Product Line Layout
6.2.4 Body Zone Controllers: ZCU&VIU
6.3 YF Tech
6.3.1 Profile
6.3.2 Next-generation Body Zone Controller
6.3.3 Body Zone Controller Structure under Functional Domain Architecture
6.3.4 Body Zone Controllers under Central Computer Architecture
6.4 Nobo Automotive Systems
6.4.1 Profile
6.4.2 Evolution of Body Domain Controllers 
6.4.3 Body Domain Controllers (1): Central Electronic Module (CEM)
6.4.4 Body Domain Controllers (2): Composition of CEM
6.5.1 Profile
6.5.2 Production Lines and Capacity of Automotive Electronic Products
6.5.3 Domain Controller Development and R&D Layout
6.5.4 Value of Body Domain Controllers in a Single Vehicle
6.5.5 Customers
6.6.1 Profile
6.6.2 Body Electronic Product Layout
6.6.3 Fifth-generation Body Domain Controller (BGM)
6.6.4 Fifth-generation Body Domain Controller: Software and Hardware
6.7.1 Profile
6.7.2 Production Lines and Capacity 
6.7.3 Body Domain Product Series
6.7.4 Three-domain (Body Domain + Cockpit Domain + ADAS Domain) Integration  
6.8 FMT
6.8.1 Profile
6.8.2 (Zone) Domain Controller Deployment
6.8.3 Central Control Unit (CCU)
6.9 Rothwell
6.9.1 Profile
6.9.2 Body Domain Controller Development Plan
6.9.3 Main Functions and Configuration of Body Domain Controllers
6.9.4 Four Platform-based Body Domain Controllers
6.10 Linked Intelligent Technology
6.10.1 Profile
6.10.2 Production Bases and Capacity
6.10.3 Body Domain Controller (BDM)
6.11 Huawei
6.11.1 CCA Architectures: VCU + 3-5 VIUs
6.11.2 Block Diagram of Full-stack Intelligent Vehicle Solution
6.11.3 Functions of VIUs

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