Automotive DMS (Driver Monitoring System) Research Report, 2019-2020
  • Jun.2020
  • Hard Copy
  • USD $3,600
  • Pages:185
  • Single User License
    (PDF Unprintable)       
  • USD $3,400
  • Code: YPX001
  • Enterprise-wide License
    (PDF Printable & Editable)       
  • USD $5,000
  • Hard Copy + Single User License
  • USD $3,800

Automotive DMS Research: DMS installations shoot up, with a year-on-year upsurge of 360% in Q1 2020

DMS (Driver Monitoring System) is bifurcated into active DMS and passive DMS. Passive DMS judges the driver's state based on the steering wheel turning and driving trajectory. Active DMS, generally enabled by cameras and near-infrared technology, detects the driver's state from eyelid closure, blinking, gaze direction, yawning, and head movements. Only active DMS is studied in this report.

In 2006, the Lexus LS 460 was packed with active DMS for the first time, and the camera was mounted on the top of the steering column cover with six built-in near-infrared LEDs. Automakers are not interested in active DMS, because they believe that it increases the cost of the vehicle and consumers may be reluctant to pay for it. Yet, a train of accidents over the recent years highlight the importance of DMS in ADAS, especially L2/L3. Active DMS started to soar from 2018, with the massive availability of the L2 system and the to-be-spawned L3 system.

Euro-NCAP issued a roadmap for 2025, which requires that new cars must be equipped with DMS from July 2022. China has legislated the mandatory installation of DMS for commercial vehicles, and similar stipulations for passenger cars are just around the corner. The active DMS market is growing prosperous as relevant chip, software and algorithm vendors are vigorously promoting the development of DMS technology.

DMS 1_副本.png

10,170 units of active DMS were installed in new passenger cars in China in 2019, surging by 174% on an annualized basis. In 2020Q1, the installations skyrocketed 360% year-on-year to 5,137 units amid the wide use of active DMS in the models priced between RMB150,000 and RMB200,000 and the adoption by WEY, Xpeng, Geely, to name a few.

Most Tier1 suppliers have launched total DMS solutions, including Valeo, Bosch, Continental, Denso, Hyundai Mobis, Visteon, Veoneer, etc. Among Chinese companies, the DMS of Hikvision, SenseTime, Baidu, and Dahua Technology have been found on various brand models.

DMS 2_副本.png

Rise of DMS algorithm developers
DMS is used mainly to monitor drivers’ fatigue and distraction. Yet a larger number of sensors, vision + infrared cameras, and even radars mean availability of more functions, e.g., face recognition, age and gender recognition, emotion recognition, seat belt detection, posture, position and forgetting detection, cabin abnormality detection, and infant detection. Face, gender and expression recognition helps with identity authentication and offers richer interaction between human and vehicle. DMS that is now used just for early warning will enable personalized body control and more functions once it is coupled with ADAS/AD systems.

In Valeo’s case, its AI-driven DMS uses convolutional neural network (CNN) algorithms for emotion recognition and allows unique settings by recognizing the driver’s face.

The versatility, however, cannot be met only by Tier1 suppliers in the short run. That’s why DMS is often co-developed by Tier1 suppliers and algorithm companies.

With years of efforts on development of computer vision technology, ArcSoft Corporation Limited has developed DMS, ADAS and BSD, among others, to meet automobile industry’s needs for vision-related capabilities. The developer’s intelligent driving algorithm business expanded rapidly in 2019, contributing revenue of RMB16.0566 million, a substantial increase as compared to 2018 (RMB2.2021 million), and rang in RMB17.0076 million in the first quarter of 2020, more than the full-year revenue of 2019.  

ArcSoft’s peers such as EyeSight, Smart Eye, FotoNation and Seeing Machine all have been working on development of software algorithms for years. Even so, use of DMS technology still faces plenty of tough challenges:

  1. The highest technical barrier before application of vision-based DMS technology is its performance in high or low light which may lead to all white or all black images, respectively. In this case, even the most advanced algorithms won’t work.
  2. How to quantitatively define fatigue and drowsiness also creates a bottleneck to use of DMS. The most effective way to measure fatigue and define the relation between fatigue and temperature, dermal resistance, eye movement, respiratory rate, heart rate and brain activity, is measurement of pulse and heart rate variability (HRV), but the technology is still not mature enough.
  3. Widely varying signal-to-noise ratio and contrast, obscured and dithered images, and light difference in different weathers and time periods will issue in images of differing brightness.
  4. Face detection challenges: in-plane rotation of face; out-of-plane rotation of face; existence of cosmetics, beard and glasses; expression (happy, cry, etc.); obscured face; real-time processing requirements.
  5. DMS latency caused by insufficient computing power, communication, etc..
    Interference to users caused by too many false alarms.
  6. Few sample databases for training algorithms.

Companies are trying to add more sensors and more powerful chips to solve the problems that vision cameras fail to address in multiple scenarios.

Hardware improvement and cockpit monitoring
In May 2019, OmniVision Technologies and Shanghai Fullhan Microelectronics announced a joint solution for capturing and processing high quality color (RGB) and infrared (IR) automotive interior images, day and night, with a single camera. This solution combines OmniVision’s OV2778 2MP RGB-IR image sensor which offers high sensitivity across all lighting conditions with Fullhan’s FH8310 image signal processor (ISP). The result is high quality video for both machine vision in-cabin monitoring systems (IMS) and viewing applications, simultaneously, providing integrated solutions for facial recognition, the detection of objects and unattended children, remote monitoring, and recording for ride-hailing and robotaxi vehicles. 

In June 2019, Vayyar, an Israeli startup, announced the launch of the first automotive 4D point cloud application on a single radar chip. The single chip with point cloud displays the dimension, shape, location and movement of people and objects, enabling the complete classification of the car’s environment, regardless of bad lighting or harsh weather conditions. In-cabin solutions include seat belt reminders, optimized airbag deployment, gesture control, driver drowsiness alerts, and infant detection alarms.

In September 2019, ON Semiconductor rolled out a complete in-cabin monitoring system inclusive of driver monitoring and occupant monitoring functions. The demonstration includes three ON Semiconductor 2.3-megapixel RGB-IR image sensors. This multi-camera system utilizes Ambarella’s CV2AQ System-on-Chip (SoC) and integrates Eyeris’ AI software performing complex body and facial analytics, occupant activity monitoring, object detection, among others. 

In February 2020, Analog Devices, Inc. (ADI) announced a collaboration with Jungo to develop a Time-of-Flight (ToF) and 2D infrared- (IR) based camera solution to enable driver- and in-cabin monitoring in vehicles. The combination of ADI’s ToF technology with Jungo’s Codriver software is expected to enable the monitoring of vehicle occupants for levels of drowsiness and distraction by observing head and body position as well as eye gaze.  

Valeo has also rolled out its cockpit monitoring technologies, such as vision-based rear seat monitoring solution and radar-based living beings detection solution.

EyeSight Cabin Sense in-car Occupancy Monitoring System (OMS) detects occupants, their posture or whether they wear seatbelts or not, as well as whether any child or object like a bag is forgotten in car or not.

In a nutshell, DMS will be thriving with wide use of L2/L3 automated driving in the upcoming several years. In future, it will evolve into cockpit monitoring system which will play a crucial role even in the era of L4 autonomy.

1 Automotive DMS Technology

1.1 Infrared Technology
1.1.1 Introduction to Infrared
1.1.2 Infrared Use in Automobile
1.2 DMS Technology
1.2.1 Introduction to DMS
1.2.2 Passive DMS
1.2.3 Active DMS
1.2.4 Operating Principle and Installation Position of Active DMS
1.2.5 Active DMS Based on Cameras and NIR
1.2.6 Hardware Architecture and Technical Requirements of DMS
1.2.7 Software & Algorithm Architecture and Technical Requirements of ArchDMS
1.3 Advances in Related Chip Technology
1.3.1 Technical Progress 1
1.3.2 Technical Progress 2
1.3.3 Technical Progress 3
1.3.4 Technical Progress 4
1.3.5 Technical Progress 5

2 Automotive DMS Industry Chain and Market Analysis

2.1 Active DMS Industry Chain
2.2 Players in the Industrial Chain
2.3 Comparison of Some Active DMS Suppliers’ Products
2.4 DMS Market Sales
2.5 Market Features

3 Development Trends of Automotive DMS

3.1 DMS Technology Trends
3.1.1 Technology Trend 1
3.1.2 Technology Trend 2
3.1.3 Technology Trend 3
3.1.4 Technology Trend 4
3.1.5 Technology Trend 5
3.1.6 Technology Trend 6
3.1.7 Technology Trend 7
3.2 DMS Market Trends
3.2.1 Market Trend 1
3.2.2 Market Trend 2
3.3 Tendencies of DMS Software and Algorithms
3.3.1 Software and Algorithm Trend 1
3.3.2 Software and Algorithm Trend 2
3.3.3 Software and Algorithm Trend 3

4 DMS Application of OEMs
4.1 DMS Technology Solutions of Major OEMs 
4.2 Cadillac CT6
4.4 BMW X5
4.5 DS7
4.6 Leapmotor S01
4.8 Geely Xingyue
4.9 XPeng G3
4.10 WEY VV7
4.11 GAC NE Aion LX
4.12 NIO ES8

5 Tier1 Suppliers of Automotive DMS
5.1 Valeo
5.1.1 Profile
5.1.2 Valeo DMS and In-car Monitoring System
5.1.3 Main Features of Valeo DMS
5.1.4 Applied Scenarios of Valeo DMS
5.2.1 Profile
5.2.2 DENSO Driver Monitoring Cameras
5.2.3 DENSO Commercial Vehicle DMS
5.3 Hyundai Mobis
5.3.1 Profile
5.3.2 Hyundai Mobis DMS
5.3.3 Occupant Detection System
5.4 Visteon
5.4.1 Profile
5.4.2 Visteon DMS
5.5 Bosch
5.6 Veoneer
5.6.1 Profile
5.6.2 Veoneer DMS 
5.8 Mitsubishi Electric
5.9 Aptiv
5.9.1 Profile
5.9.2 Aptiv DMS
5.10 Continental
5.11 Harman
5.12 Autocruis
5.12.1 Profile
5.12.2 Autocruis ADAS Products 
5.12.3 Autocruis Product & Technology Roadmap
5.12.4 Autocruis DMS
5.12.5 Features of Autocruis DMS
5.12.6 Functional Safety Design Architecture of Autocruis DMS
5.12.7 Autocruis Eye Gaze Estimation Model
5.13 Roadefend
5.13.1 Profile
5.13.2 Roadefend’s Technologies
5.13.3 Roadefend’s Recognition of Driver State
5.13.4 Driver Behavior Acquisition, Analysis and Warning System
5.13.5 Big Data Analysis of Driver Behaviors
5.13.6 Roadefend’s Successful Cases
5.14 SinoChipAi
5.14.1 Profile
5.14.2 SinoChipAi Vision Products
5.14.2 SinoChipAi Vision Product: DSM
5.14.2 SinoChipAi Vision Product: 3D Face Recognition
5.15.1 Profile

5.16 Zhejiang Dahua Technology
5.16.1 Profile
5.16.2 Products
5.17 Hikvision
5.18 Baidu
5.18.1 Profile
5.18.2 Baidu Driver Fatigue Monitoring System
5.18.3 Baidu DMS Software

6 Automotive DMS Suppliers
6.1 Seeing Machines
6.1.1 Seeing Machines -- Profile
6.1.2 Seeing Machines -- Revenue
6.1.3 Seeing Machines -- Products
6.1.4 Seeing Machines -- DMS Operating Principle
6.1.5 Seeing Machines -- DMS Business Overview
6.1.6 Seeing Machines -- DMS Roadmap
6.1.7 Seeing Machines -- Evolution of Core Technologies
6.2 Affectiva
6.2.1 Profile
6.2.2 Application of Affectiva Technology
6.2.3 Emotional AI Use in Automobile
6.2.4 Driver and Occupant Monitoring
6.2.5 Tracking of Driver Emotions and Cognitive State
6.2.6 Emotional AI and Mood Measurement
6.2.7 Emotion Database
6.2.8 Affectiva Driver Emotion Tracking Studies
6.2.9 Driver Dejection Detection
6.2.10 Driver Fatigue Monitoring with Facial Expression and Voice
6.3 EyeSight
6.3.1 Profile
6.3.2 EyeSight Automotive Solution: Drive Sense
6.3.3 EyeSight Automotive Solution: Cabin Sense
6.3.4 EyeSight Automotive Solution: Fleet Sense
6.3.5 EyeSight’s Technologies
6.3.6 EyeSight’s Automotive Products
6.3.7 EyeSight’s Clients and Partners
6.4 Smart Eye
6.4.1 Profile
6.4.2 General Hardware Development Platform of Smart Eye
6.4.3 Smart Eye DMS -- Detection of Facial Expression
6.4.4 Smart Eye DMS -- Detection of Human Pose and Gesture Recognition
6.4.5 Smart Eye DMS -- Object Classification
6.4.6 Smart Eye DMS -- Feature Detection
6.4.7 Smart Eye’s R&D of Next-generation Eye-tracking Technology
6.5 FotoNation
6.5.1 Profile
6.5.2 FotoNation DMS
6.5.3 FotoNation DMS Core Technology
6.6 Untouch Technologies
6.6.1 Profile
6.6.2 Untouch Tech’ Product: U-Drive Smart Cockpit Monitoring
6.6.3 Untouch Tech at 2020 CES: Exhibition of U-SAFE Smart Safe Cockpit
6.6.4 Untouch Tech at 2020 CES: Exhibition of U-COMFORT Smart Cozy Cockpit
6.7 SenseTime
6.7.1 Profile
6.7.2 SenseTime DMS
6.8 ArcSoft
6.9 Eyeris

Huawei CASE (Connected, Autonomous, Shared, Electrified) Layout and Strategy Research Report, 2020

Research on Huawei's CASE (Connected, Autonomous, Shared, Electrified): Who is the main rival of Huawei in automotive engagement?Huawei showcased its automotive products at Beijing International Autom...

Automotive Cockpit SoC Technology and Application Research Report, 2020

Cockpit SoC Supports More Displays, Beefs up AI, and Improves Functional Safety Intelligent vehicle E/E architecture ushers in a period of intra-domain integration to trans-domain convergence and to c...

Automotive Chassis-by-Wire Industry Report, 2020

Launch of Autonomous Driving Remains to Use Mature Chassis-by-wire Technology Chassis-by-wire makes it feasible to remove accelerator pedal, brake pedal and steering wheel, whose maturity has a beari...

China Commercial Vehicle Finance Industry Report, 2020-2026

China's auto finance which has undergone four stages of development now becomes a market featuring diversified competition, with penetration of 52% and being valued at RMB1,280 billion in 2019. The s...

Smart Road: Intelligent Roadside Perception Industry Report, 2020

Research on Roadside Perception: With Greater Policy Support, the RMB10 Billion Intelligent Roadside Perception Market Takes OffIn our Smart Road: Intelligent Roadside Perception Industry Report, 2020...

Global and China Automotive MLCC Industry Report, 2020-2026

As one of the most widely used passive components, MLCC commands approximately 40% of the capacitor market. MLCC finds broad application in fields like communication, consumer electronics, automobile ...

Global and China Fuel Cell Industry Report, 2020

Fuel Cell Research: FCV is Expected to Boom over the Next Decade In our recent report Global and China Fuel Cell Industry Report, 2020, we analyze the advances and tendencies of fuel cell industry in...

China Vehicle Inspection Industry Report, 2020-2026

China's car ownership showed the CAGR of 12.9% during 2012-2019 and it is estimated to reach 272.13 million units in 2020 with a year-on-year spike of 7.2%, invigorating the motor vehicle inspection m...

AUTOSAR Software Industry Report, 2020

AUTOSAR Research Report: in the Era of Software Defined Vehicles (SDV), Will an OEM Acquire an AUTOSAR Software Firm? Software defined vehicle (SDV) and architecture defined vehicle are hotly debate...

Global and China Lithium-ion Battery Anode Material Industry Report, 2020-2026

Lithium battery is comprised of cathode material, anode material, separator and electrolyte, of which anode material as a key raw material makes up 5%-15% of lithium battery cost. In 2019, China shipp...

China Automotive Intelligent Rearview Mirror Industry Report, 2020

Regulations and ADAS Help Intelligent Rearview Mirror Market Blossom In our report China Automotive Intelligent Rearview Mirror Industry Report, 2020, we analyze and research the status quo of the in...

BYD CASE (Connected, Autonomous, Shared, Electrified) Layout and Strategy Research Report, 2020

Research on BYD's CASE (Connected, Autonomous, Shared, Electrified): Absence of software and operating systemAs we all know, BYD excels in hardware. BYD started with rechargeable batteries and foraye...

ADAS and AD Industry Chain Report, 2019-2020 -- LiDAR

Research on Automotive LiDAR Industry: How five technology roadmaps develop amid the upcoming mass production of high-channel LiDAR? During 2020-2025, autonomous driving above L3 will be commercializ...

China Automotive Finance Industry Report, 2020-2026

Automotive finance penetration surged to 48% or so in China in 2018 and around 52% in 2019, yet still below the global 70%, and expectedly rising to 71% in 2026 with policy incentives and a change in ...

Global and China Leading Tier1 Suppliers’ Intelligent Cockpit Business Research Report, 2020 (I)

Leading Tier1 Suppliers’ Cockpit Business Research Report: Eight Development Trends of Intelligent Cockpit Abstract: in the next two or three years, a range of new intelligent cockpit technologies wi...

Automotive Cockpit Multi and Dual Display Trend Report, 2020

Dual and multi display solutions and development tendencies are analyzed in this report. Amid the smart cockpit trend, the display incarnates intelligence as the main interface of human-computer int...

Automotive IGBT Industry Report, 2020

IGBT (Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor) is a fully controlled and voltage-driven power semiconductor device incorporating BJT and MOSFET, superior in small drive power, fast switching speed, low satu...

Global and China Telematics-Box(T-Box) Industry Report, 2020

T-Box Research: 46.7% of Passenger Cars Carry T-Box in 2020Q1 T-Box (Telematics-Box), also called telematics control unit (TCU), is comprised of GPS unit, outer interfaces for communications, electro...

2005- All Rights Reserved 京ICP备05069564号-1 京公网安备1101054484号